Best Handgun/Pistol for Beginners & Home Defense [2017]

Not sure what pistol to get for your first gun or home defense?

We’ll cover important decision points such as caliber, ammo, size, ergonomics, price, and safety.

And then end it with some of our personal suggestions.

*Updated August 2017* With new handgun models.

Best Beginner Handguns
Best Beginner Handguns

Caliber

You ready?

Common Bullet Calibers
Common Bullet Calibers

In our previous caliber article, you saw the popular 9mm and .45 ACP cartridges as well as some different types of bullets such as the full metal jacket (FMJ) and hollow points.

Now, we drill down and recommend getting a 9mm for your beginner handgun.

Why?

The 9mm is easy to find and cheap when compared to other calibers (~20 cents for a 9mm FMJ and ~40 cents for a .45 ACP round).  It’s smaller size means it has mild recoil and higher capacity magazines (usually 15+).

Plus, the majority of police forces use 9mm and the FBI recently returned to the 9mm after finding that the current .40 S&W rounds were causing excessive wear on pistols and were less easily controlled by female agents.

Ammo

9mm 115 gr Federal FMJ vs 124 gr Federal Hydrashok, Top
9mm 115 gr Federal FMJ vs 124 gr Federal Hydrashok, Top

For home defense purposes, we recommend hollow point bullets for their stopping power.

5 Shots into Ballistic Gel
5 Shots into Ballistic Gel

Ouch…that’s gotta hurt!  Two of the most popular are Speer Gold Dot and Federal Hydrashok.  We cover everything in our Ammo & Reloading section.

Handgun Size

The most important thing about choosing the best handgun is fit.

We recommend getting a “full size” handgun which means close to 5″ barrels.  Having a full sized handgun makes it easier to shoot since there’s more mass to absorb recoil, a larger area to grip, and a longer sight radius from the front sight to the rear sight.

Glock 17 Grip
Glock 17 Grip (Fullsize)

But…if you think you might do concealed carry in the future and don’t want to get another gun…you can try out the compact size too.

You lose a little sight radius but free up some grip space which helps a lot in concealing.  But you don’t want to go so small that your pinkie is left hanging.

Glock 19 Grip (Compact)
Glock 19 Grip (Compact)

Here are all of Glock’s 9mm handguns, but other manufacturer’s sizes will be roughly the same.

All Glock 9mm Sizes
All Glock 9mm Sizes

Safety

Here, we recommend a lack of an external safety.  We believe that the mind is the best safety, and that in the heat of the moment during a self defense situation, you might forget to disengage the safety.

This takes out a couple of possibilities including the venerable 1911 which we think is a little too complicated and finicky for the beginner shooter.

Sights

Easy, get the night sights since most self defense encounters occur in dimly lit locations.  There are usually night sight models for each of our recommended pistols.  Or you can always purchase aftermarket sights and have your gunsmith install them.

Glock Night Sights, USACarry
Glock Night Sights, USACarry

Action

We recommend a striker fired handgun for the beginner and home defense since the trigger pull is identical every time.  An easy way to tell if a handgun is striker is that the back is flat and has no exposed hammer.

Double action pistols such as most Sig Sauer’s and the Beretta 92FS have a heavy first shot since you are cocking back the hammer.

Beretta M9 Double Action Single Action
Beretta M9 Double Action Single Action

What about revolvers?

We love them for their reliability and ease of dealing with malfunctions (just press again), but we don’t like their low ammo capacity (5 or 6 compared to 15+ for our recommendations).

But we’ll be including one of our favorites that packs in 7 rounds of .38 special or .357 magnum goodness.

This leaves us with what many call the “plastic fantastics.”

Best 9mm Handguns + Revolver

So far with our discussion of caliber, size, safety, and action, we have the possible candidates that have had enough history that we can fully recommend them.

Glock 17 (Full) or Glock 19 (Compact), Gen 4

Editor's Choice

Glock 17, Gen 4

Everyone and their mom has heard of  Glock.

It is polymer, kind of boring, but ultra reliable.  If I had the choice of only taking a random pistol into a situation…this would be it.

The newest Gen 4 Glock is out and has much better traction on the grip and also adjustable inserts.  Makes it much easier to make it fit your hand.

If you don’t plan on concealed carrying…I would opt for the Glock 17 full-size.

Glock 17 Grip
Glock 17 Grip (Fullsize), Gen 3

If you are going to go the CCW route…try out the Glock 19.

Most Popular

Glock 19, Gen 4

Make sure you can get all your fingers onto the grip.

Glock 19 Grip (Compact)
Glock 19 Grip (Compact), Gen 3

Smith & Wesson M&P9 M2.0

Runner-Up (Beginners, Home Defense)

Smith & Wesson M&P M2.0

The newest version of the venerable M&P (military and police).  If there’s a list of best 9mm handguns, this usually makes the top 3.

M&P vs Glock 17
M&P vs Glock 17

The original version was rock solid but had a not-so-great trigger.

M&P Fullsize
M&P Fullsize, Gen 1

The M2.0 takes care of that and also adds on a more aggressive texturing.

M&P9 M2.0
M&P9 M2.0

Springfield XD Mod 2, Service Model

Best Trigger

Springfield XD Mod 2, Service

The newest version of the Springfield XD.  Another striker-fired reliable gun that got updated with more aggressive texturing and the favorite stock trigger in my opinion.  A little mushy but in a good way.

Glock 17 vs XD Mod 2 Service
Glock 17 vs XD Mod 2 Service

The Service Model means it has a compact barrel but full-size grip.  Best of both worlds for some!

XD Mod 2 Service Model
XD Mod 2 Service Model

Plus it has a grip safety which means your hand needs to be firmly on it to fire.  I’m ok with this kind of safety since it is more passive compared to an actual switch you need to flip when you unholster.

XD Mod 2 Grip Safety
XD Mod 2 Grip Safety

However, lack of adjustable backstraps means you gotta like how it feels in the store since you won’t be changing it.

Smith & Wesson Model 686+

Top Revolver

Smith & Wesson Model 686+

Here’s the revolver you’ve been waiting for…the S&W Model 686+.  The + means it holds 7 rounds instead of the standard 6 rounds you’ve come to expect from revolvers.

S&W 686+
S&W 686+

I like the 4″ barrel since it’s the Goldilocks length.  Not so short that it’s difficult to control in firing, but not so long that it’s unwieldy.

Plus it will shoot both .38 Special and the more powerful .357 Magnum rounds.

Honorable Mentions

Yes, I might not have included some that you think should have made it.  Here’s some others that were very close to making my top list.  If you find they fit your hand better than the ones I recommended…go for it!

Finally, some Handguns Perfect for Women from the viewpoint of an accomplished female shooter.

Ergonomics & Trigger

How the handgun feels in your hand is probably the most important.

I have pretty big hands and like the chunkier and different grip angle of the Glock.  While my buddy with smaller hands likes the feel of the Smith & Wesson M&P.  Also keep in mind that the latest Glock & M&P versions have removeable grip inserts that can customize the ergonomics even more.

S&W M&P Palm Inserts
S&W M&P Palm Inserts

The triggers all have a slightly different feel too even though they are all striker fired.  For a home defense gun we recommend not altering the trigger.  After some use the trigger will smooth out a little but pretty much what you feel at the store is what you get.

We recommend trying out all three guns for yourself at the range or gun store after re-reading our grip/stance and trigger pull articles.

Price

The prices are all pretty similar for the striker fired pistols.  You’ll also be able to find some sales going on at your local gun store.  But these are good starting prices.

Night sights will probably be $50-100 more to buy and add them.

  • Glock 17/19: ~$499
  • S&W M&P 9: ~$539
  • XDm: ~$499

Accessories

Again, most encounters happen in dimly lit areas/times, and you wouldn’t want to shoot with just night sights without verifying your target.  So we use and recommend a light that attaches to the rail.

My stash…#Glocks #M&P

A post shared by Pew Pew Tactical (@pewpewtactical) on

The one we use is the Streamlight TLR-2s (~$250) which comes with a laser and strobe function.  It’s survived thousands of rounds, being dropped on the ground numerous times, and full days of shooting in heavy rain.

TLR-2s on Glock 17
TLR-2s on Glock 17

For the more budget minded customer, the most basic Streamlight TLR-1 (~$110) with just the light will do just as well.  You might see some cheaper lights here or there, but we recommend that lights are not the place to cheap out on.

TLR-1
TLR-1

We also dig the Inforce APL ($120) which has a unique on/off system that recognizes when you want only a temporary burst or stay-on.

Inforce APL
Inforce APL

And for the person who wants the best of the best light only…the Surefire X300 ($200).

 

Surefire x300
Surefire x300

I’m also a fan of lots of grip on your gun.  Talon Grips ($17) are the perfect non-permanent solution.

Talon Grips
Talon Grips

Conclusion

  • 9mm
  • Hollow point defensive ammo
  • Full-size frame
  • Striker fired
  • Night sights
  • Rail mounted light
  • Try out the feel of the Glock 17/19, M&P9, & XD

Of course there’s a bazillion pistols that I left out…but the above specs are what we at Pew Pew Tactical recommend.

Already got a self-defense pistol?  Learn how to become a crack shot.

Leave a Reply

75 Comments on "Best Handgun/Pistol for Beginners & Home Defense [2017]"

Notify of
avatar
Sort by:   newest | oldest | most voted
Dean
Guest

Eric, thanks for the article. I will look at a Glock 19C soon. How do I make sure you get credit for my purchase?

Michael
Guest
Eric, Thank you for putting all this information out there! Something I’ve been thinking about (and have had several more experienced shooters agree with) is that a light on the rail potentially makes you more of a target for an armed intruder. Naturally, no one can predict exactly how a home defense scenario will unfold, but I have a concern that mounting a light on the rail of my Ruger 9E (a nice gun that fits a lot of your criteria for home defense with the added benefit of being MUCH less expensive than the ones listed here) will expose… Read more »
Frank
Guest

The Target can also be a flashlight one used at night in most situations.,so that has no real ground unless you utilize night vision.. Trust me. on this……… State Police 22 years.

Michael
Guest

Thanks, Frank. To be clear, you are in favor of using a rail-mounted light, correct? Just want to be sure – I look to experts like you to guide folks like me who are less experienced in these types of situations. Have a great week!

Jack Perry
Guest

After reading your article, I was wondering how you feel about the Walther PPQ M1. Would you consider this a reliable and worthy semi? What are the knocks, if any. about the Walther lineup. I am still in shopping and research mode, and am interested in this one.

Thomas Jennings
Guest

I am brand new to the gun ownership world. I have a Roger 10/22 because I love shooting cheap rounds, and lots of them, as well as picking off some varmit here and there. I have yet to see why a .22 caliber handgun would be a bad home defense gun? Is the thought that the rounds will not stop an invader? I am not familiar with it all so I am just asking the questions. Accuracy over caliber for me.

Robert
Guest

There is no doubt the .22 can kill as long as you are prepared mentally to do head/heart shots and skilled enough to do it under stress. Certainly no a bad way to train since even larger pistol cartridges there is no guarantee that 1 or 2 center mass will stop an attacker

Suzq
Guest

Question!My brother left me his sw dx snubnose 2009Would this be a nice pistol to
learn shooting with and cc when I’m confident and comfortable firing?

wpDiscuz