Best 9mm Ammo [2019]: Self Defense & Range Shooting

Find out the best 9mm ammo for self-defense based on ballistic gel tests that cover penetration depth and expansion.

Plus the best range plinking ammo for bulk shooting.

Ballistic Gel Testing
Ballistic Gel Testing

Our Best 9mm Ammo Picks

9mm AmmoDistinctionPenetrationExpansion
Federal HST 9mm 124 grOverall Best: Defense18.3".61"
Federal HST 9mm 147 grPersonal Fav: Defense15.2".61"
American Eagle 9mm 115 grBest Deals: RangeN/AN/A
Blazer Brass 9mmMost Affordable: RangeN/AN/A
PMC Bronze 9mmPersonal Fav: RangeN/AN/A

Read on to see how we chose them and the best place to buy them for cheap!

Testing Procedures

The below pictures and data are from a super in-depth post from Lucky Gunner plus a few of our personal criteria.  Here are some details of the test which closely mimic FBI protocol:

  • Shot 10 feet away
  • 4 layers of fabric in front of the ballistics gel to simulate a “worst case” scenario of clothing
4 Layers of Clothing
4 Layers of Clothing
  • Ideal penetration of 12-18 inches.  More than 18 inches might go completely through the target and hit something beyond.  While a 12-inch minimum protects against thicker targets and possibly hitting something like an arm first before the torso.
  • 5 shots for more data
5 Shots into Ballistic Gel
5 Shots into Ballistic Gel
  • Shorter barreled gun.  Most tests are run with a full-size pistol, but Lucky Gunner used an S&W M&P9C which has a 3.5″ barrel.  Their thought was most people carrying a handgun most likely have a compact sized one.  So for those of you with a longer barrel, the penetration and velocities might be slightly higher.

Here are our recommendations for each of the most common weights of bullets: 115, 124, & 147 grain.

This way you can shoot the same weight of bullet as your more common range ammo.  And because these are self-defense rounds, they are all jacketed hollow points (JHP) for reliable expansion.

We personally prefer the 124 gr since it is less “snappy” than the 115 gr to us.   But we recommend you try a couple weights and make sure they cycle 100% in your self-defense gun.

Bullet Weight Scale
Bullet Weight Scale

Best Self-Defense Ammo:

1. Gold Dot 9mm 115 gr

Penetration depth is right in the middle of the zone, great expansion, and good velocity for a short barrel.

  • Average Penetration: 16.4″
  • Average Expansion: .55″
  • Average Velocity: 1143 ft/sec
115 Gold Dot Expansion
115 Gold Dot Expansion

2. Magtech Guardian Gold 9mm 115 gr

The sweet spot of penetration, expansion, and velocity.

  • Average Penetration: 15.2″
  • Average Expansion: .56″
  • Average Velocity: 1175 ft/sec
115 Magtech Guardian Gold Expansion
115 Magtech Guardian Gold Expansion

3. Federal HST 9mm 124 gr

Great penetration, the biggest expansion, and velocity for those who like shooting the slightly heavier 124 gr rounds.  Overall best recommendation.

  • Average Penetration: 18.3″
  • Average Expansion: .61″
  • Average Velocity: 1135 ft/sec
124 Federal HST Expansion
124 Federal HST Expansion

4. Federal HST 9mm 147 gr

Penetration in the sweet spot zone, great expansion, and good velocity for the bullet weight.  My personal favorite since I like the shooting impulse of 147 gr bullets.

  • Average Penetration: 15.2″
  • Average Expansion: .61″
  • Average Velocity: 973 ft/sec
147 Federal HST Expansion
147 Federal HST Expansion

Readers' Ratings

4.95/5 (206)

Your Rating?

Best Range Ammo:

Range ammo is more about reliability and cost-effectiveness.

Here are a couple of our recommendations for the common 115 and 124 gr bullet weights.  We’ve shot thousands of these and they are reliable, clean shooting, and economical.  We suggest trying out both weights to see what you and your gun prefer.

1. American Eagle 9mm 115 gr

Best deals on AE 9mm rounds so far since I think there’s a huge surplus.

2. Blazer Brass 9mm

When pennies count…the cheapest reliable brass cased 9mm.  But…the brass is a little difficult to reload.  Perfect for ranges or classes where you can’t pick up brass

3. PMC 9mm

What I’ve shot the most.  Always goes bang and the brass is great for reloading.

Conclusion

These are our favorites for 9mm self-defense and range ammo.  What did you end up choosing and how does your gun like it?  And if you want to see the full results from Lucky Gunner, check out their post here.

50
Leave a Reply

avatar
21 Comment threads
29 Thread replies
2 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
34 Comment authors
SteveTommyDavid, PPT EditorChuckles McFatSteven P Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
Tommy
Guest
Tommy

I run S&B 124gr through my CZ SP01 & P01. Clean, flawless and cheap.

Allen
Guest
Allen

I’m really curious why the author was so focused on velocity and penetration and completely ignored energy. This is much more of a factor in defensive ammo selection than penetration. I’d much prefer a round that will penetrate 12″ and delivers an extra 100+ foot pounds of energy over a round that penetrates 18″.

This article is in bad need of a re-write.

David, PPT Editor
Admin

Generally speaking, energy isn’t as important when you’re looking at rounds within the same caliber when they are at similar weights. Using the first 3 ammo types listed in the table, Federal HST 124gr, Federal HST 147gr, and American Eagle 115gr – the energy difference between the highest and lowest is only 38 ft.lb or 51 Joules. That is incredibly low.

Steve
Guest
Steve

Also keep in mind that force is physics energy is mass × velocity squared so you actually get more bang for your buck so to speak out of velocity. Moreover if a bullet fails to penetrate its energy is expended to quickly.. Expansion, also equals damage. Part of why military hates 55gr FMJ its like laser and lack of expansion also means low energy transfer
So in the end expansion velocity and penetration are the keys energy is the by product

Paul S.
Guest
Paul S.

Anyone try the liberty civil defense ammo?

David, PPT Editor
Admin

I’ve used it but very limited amounts. Not remotely worth the price from what I saw, there are a number of better defensive round options at half the price. I’m not a fan of super lightweight ammo though.

Steven P
Guest
Steven P

My father in law swears by it, but it is pricey! I have seen testing of the 9mm and it rips right through IIIa… but then, if you get any round going fast enough it will too

Wallace Nichols
Guest
Wallace Nichols

Walter c c p 9mm

Wallace Nichols
Guest
Wallace Nichols

Walter c c p 9 mm

New to Guns ? Check out our beginners guns video course. Start Now