Hand-Picked Daily GUN DEALS, and Exclusive Coupons Codes >>>

Industry Experts: Tips to Staying Sharp During an Ammo Shortage

We asked several of our favorite experts how they train when ammo is in short supply. And they gave us the details on how to stay sharp but keep costs down.

2020 was rough, and 2021 hasn’t been much of an improvement.

If you are a gun owner, you know that finding guns and finding ammo has been close to impossible.

About sums it up…

With over 8 million new gun owners and a year of bad luck, the shelves in some areas are empty, and ammo is tough to find. 

Ammo droughts suck and always will. Like the tide, the sunset, and me eating way too many tacos tonight, they are inevitable.

So what can we do? 

Popular Ammo Calibers & Brands
We’d love to be able to get our hands on this much ammo again.

That’s not rhetorical. That’s the question I posed to a series of professionals in the shooting industry.

We talked to activists, firearms instructors, police officers, and more to gather their opinions on the best way to handle and prepare for ammo droughts! 

Table of Contents


Introducing the Experts 

Caleb Giddings

Caleb Giddings Gunday Brunch
Caleb Giddings (Photo: Gunday Brunch)

Caleb Giddings is a professional firearms competitor, writer, and host of the Gunday Brunch podcast. He is a Master Class Shooter in IDPA and a veteran of the Coast Guard and Airforce. 

Matt Landfair

Matt Landfair Primary & Secondary
Matt Landfair (Photo: Primary & Secondary)

Matt Landfair is a veteran police officer and firearms instructor. He’s trained under a number of armed professionals and is the head honcho at Primary & Secondary.

Landfair runs the blog and website, as well as the P&S Training Summit

Julie Golob

Julie Golob

Julie Golob is a professional firearms competitor with a stunning amount of awards and success. She is 9-Time IPSC Medalist — five individual and four team.

The only Division USPSA Ladies National Champion Action Pistol High Master, Distinguished & National Record Holder, as well as the holder of 50+ World & National Titles and 150+ Major Championship Titles.

Riley Bowman

Riley Bowman Concealed Carry Podcast
Riley Bowman (Photo: rileytbowman.com)

Riley Bowman is a professional firearms competitor with a Master Class rating in the Carry Optics division. Bowman serves as a firearms instructor as well as the Vice President of ConcealedCarry.com and host of the Concealed Carry Podcast

Jenn Jacques

Jenn Jacques The Truth About Guns
Jenn Jacques (Photo: The Truth About Guns)

Jenn Jacques has long served as a writer and editor at websites like Bearing Arms, The Truth About Guns, and Crossbreed Holsters.

She’s currently a 2nd Amendment activist at the Firearms Policy Center, where she serves as Director of Digital Outreach. 

Chris Cheng

Chris Cheng
Chris Cheng (Photo: Cheng66)

Chris Cheng was the Season 4 winner of Top Shot as a professional firearm competitor.

He’s also a firearm rights activist and has recently testified in front of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee against gun control bills. 

Aaron Cowan

Sage Dynamics Defensive Handgun Fundamentals starring Aaron Cowan

Aaron Cowan has served in numerous armed professions, including that of an Army Infantryman, an overseas security contractor, and in both state and federal law enforcement roles.

He’s the boss at Sage Dynamics and currently a professional firearms instructor with an outstanding Youtube channel. 

Jon Patton

Jon Patton The Gun Collective
Jon Patton (Photo: The Gun Collective)

Jon Patton runs The Gun Collective, one of the most informative websites on firearms news, politics, and technology.

Patton used his platform to entertain and inform tens of thousands of gun owners and acted as an alarm when anti-2A silliness occurs. 

John Correia

John Correia Active Self Protection
John Correia (Photo: Active Self Protection)

John Correia is the owner and founder of Active Self Protection.

He is a nationally recognized subject matter expert in private citizen defensive encounters and law enforcement use of force, a master firearms instructor, martial artist, expert witness, and teacher of teachers.

How To Keep Skills Sharp 

We started by asking our experts how exactly they worked to keep their skills sharp when getting ammo can be tough to accomplish.

Their advice can easily apply to any shooter looking to stay sharp while the shelves are dry. 

Dry Fire Is Universal

Dry fire is the safe practice of training with a firearm but doing so without ammunition.

This might mean using laser training devices or just working on the basics like trigger pull — but again without any ammunition in the gun.

Indoor Dry Fire Practice Drill
Indoor Dry Fire Practice Drill

Among our experts, the idea of turning to dry fire to keep skills sharp seemed universal.

Riley Bowman said it simply, “More dry fire. Of course.” 

Laser Training Targets
Laser Training Targets

Aaron Cowan of Sage Dynamics stated, “(I’m) upping my dryfire time per week by an hour.”

Matt Landfair advised, “Dry practice is hugely effective. Through dry practice, you can focus on specific aspects of shooting without firing a single round. Want to work on your draw time or overall presentation? Adjust the focus of your practice as needed.” 

Crimson Trace RAD Pro Gunsite Shooting
Shooting and then following up with dry fire is a great, cheap way to fix all sorts of issues with your shooting.

“I incorporate much more dry fire into my live fire sessions so that when I am pulling the trigger on live rounds, I have the skill I want to test down. It’s all about being productive with what you have,” said Julie Golob.

HK VP9 Trigger

The head honcho at Active Self Protection, John Correia, had this to say…

“First off, dry practice is life. In the before times, when ammo was cheap and plentiful, the path to improvement with firearms skills was 80% dry practice, 20% live fire. Now it’s more like 90/10. I try to dry fire at least three days a week, and more if possible. So get your dry practice on!” 

Dry Fire Drill with Obstacles
Dry Fire Drill with Obstacles

Training Tools

So dry fire is obviously a game-changer when it comes to training, but what tools should you have to get the job done?

5. Dry Fire Mag Mantis X
Dry Fire Mag Mantis X

Chris Cheng shot me some advice on how dry fire with a SIRT pistol helped him win season 4 of Top Shot.

“When I was training to win Top Shot Season 4, I actually only spent about 5% of my time at the range doing live fire. Most of my time was spent watching training videos on YouTube, reading blogs about marksmanship, and doing tens of thousands of repetitions of dry firing using real guns, as well as my laser training pistol from a company called SIRT,” Cheng explained.

Best Glock Laser Trainer
at Brownells

Prices accurate at time of writing

Prices accurate at time of writing

Available Coupons

“My SIRT pistol is my go-to training tool since I can quickly put in a hundred reps while watching TV or listening to music.” 

The SIRT is only one of the many tools you can use to enhance your dry fire practice. Several of our experts pointed to the Mantis X as another invaluable training tool.

MantisX & Case
MantisX & Case

“I’ve been using a Mantis X much more often than before,” Aaron Cowan said.

Meanwhile, Jenn Jacques made the MantisX a team-based activity around the Firearm Policy Coalition office.

Mantis X Laser Bullet
Mantis X

“Aside from the obvious benefits of the MantisX Training System, the added bonus of being able to create a virtual Team FPC to compete against my fellow directors in the app has been a huge win-win for all of us.”

“Not only does it keep our firearms training skills sharp, but it has also served as a fantastic team-building tool as well!” 

Techiest Training Solution
at MantisX

Prices accurate at time of writing

Prices accurate at time of writing

Available Coupons

John Correia joined the MantisX club saying that “dry practice tools like a Mantis X10 help the dry practice routine become a game, too.”

He also advised the ASP crew is including a dry fire tip in their Monday videos every week. 

We did a full write-up on laser training devices, so be sure to read that article or check out our video below.

Make Range Time Count 

Our experts all advised that efficiency at the range is king. 

PHLster Floodlight OWB
Using range time wisely will also help improve your gun skills.

“Make sure you always go to the range with a specific plan. Have a plan for every round that is fired. In that way, you can ensure you learn something from each round that is fired.” Riley Bowman emphasized.

Bowman also suggested setting a goal or standard for your range training sessions.

Adams Arms AA19 Shooting
Go with a goal in mind.

“Establish a certain standard you’re trying to meet. For instance, take a certain target zone and any shots outside of that target area, you subtract 50 or 100 rounds from your available ammo ‘allowance’ for that day.”

“This sort of approach brings immediate accountability to your practice session. This furthers the goal of making sure you learn something from every round fired.” 

Indoors Range Shooting
Indoors Range Shooting

Pro shooter and Air Force Small Arms Instructor Caleb Giddings said that pre-pandemic, 300+ round training sessions at the range were his norm.

But after ammo prices skyrocketed and supply dwindled, he changed up how he approached range day.

PHLster Floodlight OWB
Range Drills

“In the current ammo panic, my range sessions are tightly focused on a particular skill,” he explained.

“I’ll look at a deficiency or an area I can improve, and then go to the range and just work that one thing in live fire. I’ve also cut my live fire sessions back to about 150 rounds, which I feel like gives me a good balance on cost/training value.”

HK VP9 Shooting

Julie Golob also said she too likes to make range days focused and purposeful.

“Gone are the days of mag dumps or countless bill drills. I want every trigger press to count, and so I am much more thoughtful when I plan practice sessions.”

Low Round Count Drill Reloading Dot Torture
Reloading Dot Torture

To make things more efficient John Correia said that he tracks his performance at the range so he has a better idea of where he is and what needs to be worked on.

“I track my performance fastidiously. That which gets measured gets worked on, so I track every live round I shoot and what my performance metrics are. That makes me maximize value from each live round fired.”

It’s a good idea to keep a range journal so you have meticulous records of your training and skill progression.

“In terms of keeping skills sharp, we have shot a couple matches here and there and gone to the range sporadically. But we keep round counts limited and focused. I think that the last part is really what people need to think about. Make the rounds count,” Jon Patton of TGC explained.

Invest in Ammo

Though some of us look at ammo prices and cringe, our experts said that sometimes you just gotta bite the bullet and shell out the cash.

Waste Money
Me at the gun store

“Honestly, I’m just paying the higher prices. Cost of doing business, I need to shoot for teaching, practice, and filming, so I just hunt for the best deals,” Aaron Cowen told me.

Ah, sweet serenity

John Patton took a more holistic view. “I am still shooting a lot. I enjoy shooting, it’s still a fun hobby for me, and I get enjoyment out of it.”

He continued, “So I haven’t stopped, and though I will shoot less in 2021 than I did in 2020, I still will go through far more than most people. I consider it my ‘me’ time and therefore a worthwhile investment.” 

Daniel Defense DDM4ISR Range Shooting

Can Shooters Prepare for the Next Ammo Drought? 

Ammo shortages seem somewhat cyclical…there’s always another right around the corner. 

So, while working through this ammo drought can feel challenging, I wanted to get some perspective from the pros on how to prepare for the next ammo drought.

Pioneer Arms PPS43-C Steel Cased Ammo

“The best solution to our ammo crisis is to already have an abundant stockpile which allows you to train freely without concern,” Matt Landfair told me.

“Sadly the ‘I told you so’ method will not solve anyone’s ammo supply issues. Time machines aren’t publicly available so warning yourself is out.” 

any ammo
Matt now looking at those who weren’t as well stocked up before the ammo drought.

John Correia said the best way to combat a shortage is buy plenty during the not-so-short times.

“I would encourage people to spend a bit on having enough defensive ammunition for a year or so on hand once it becomes available.”


“For most people, that means 50 rounds or so for their defensive gun (changing rounds in the gun twice a year), plus 100 rounds for every gun they’re going to buy to verify reliability in that gun and point of aim vs. point of impact in that gun.”

“Don’t hoard unnecessarily, but keep six months of practice ammo in stock. For most people who go to the range 3 to 4 times a year, that means having around 400 practice rounds on hand.”

Do you accept ammo as payment?
Okay, maybe you don’t need quite this much.

Chris Cheng said he keeps at least 20,000 rounds on hand to make sure he has enough to make it through.

“I buy in bulk and stick to the basics — .22 LR, 9mm, 12-gauge birdshot, buckshot, and slugs, 5.56.”

“Naturally, I have other caliber guns, but buying in bulk requires some tradeoffs since the more you buy, the more you save (and of course, the more you spend!). It gets too pricey for me to buy all the calibers I own in bulk, so I have to make some choices.”

Popular Ammo Calibers & Brands
It’s a good idea to focus on stocking up on a few key calibers first.

Riley Bowman provided a simple step-by-step plan to prepare for the next ammo drought. 

  • Make a plan right now for the future when ammo is plentiful again to buy an extra box of ammo or primers or whatever every time you go to the gun store. 
  • Set goals and estimate what your future ammunition needs will be so that you can calculate how much ammo you need to have on hand to avoid running out.
  • Look into and learn about reloading as a potential option. The timing might not be right at the current time to get into reloading (components and equipment are both hard to come by), but that doesn’t mean you can’t start learning now.
  • Take training courses from reputable and respected instructors. Your ammo is limited, so to further make your learning more efficient, a good instructor is key. This will also teach you what and how you should be practicing.
  • Look for training courses that have ammo available. I’ve personally taken two major training courses this year at range facilities that had ammo available to purchase for the class.
  • Learn how to dry fire practice effectively. Purchase and study dry fire books from authors like Ben Stoeger and Steve Anderson. There’s also Annette Evans’ Dry Fire Primer. I also produce a monthly dry fire challenge called Shooter Ready Challenge that provides tips and ideas for dry fire.
Foxtrot Mike FM9B Brass Ammo


Whether it’s dry fire or splurging on a little ammo here and there, take it from our experts and don’t stop training.

Training is necessary to be a responsible good guy.

I’d like to take a moment to thank all the folks who helped provide their experience and expertise in completing this article. Their time and experience are valuable, and they provided without hesitation.

How have you dealt with the ammo drought? How will you prepare for the next one? Chime in below. Looking for other ways to train. Check out our guide to Dryfire and our suggestions for Low Round Count Drills.

The Best Gun Deals, Coupons and Finds

Subscribe to Pew Pew Tactical's sales and deals email.

6 Leave a Reply

  • Commenter Avatar
    Larry Vickers

    This is the problem when you have kids running a gun site. Who in their right mind would advocate reducing their training ammunition supply as a "punishment" for sucking? So if you suck and throw a few shots you are going to suck even worse because you have you pack up and go home as a punishment to yourself? Great advice guys.

    January 21, 2022 3:32 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Jacki Billings, Editor

      Hey Larry, sorry to see that this article wasn't your cup of tea. For this article, we polled a bunch of experts on what they do to train when ammo is in short supply and that comment came from Riley Bowman, not PPT. Nevertheless, stick around the website and hopefully, you'll find another article more to your liking. Thanks for reading! :)

      January 21, 2022 7:35 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    Jack Toffmore

    Ammo is starting to come back. Bass Pro, Sportsmans Warehouse and Big 5 have all been starting to get inventory again. sportsmans also just reopened online ordering for ammo. Theyve had 22lr for $15 per 250 Agila and Winchester white box 223 for $12 per box of 20. Also I second pellet guns. Great for technique work and there's no pellet shortage either. Way less CPR than with powder ammo

    December 16, 2021 8:09 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    sound awake

    hoard it...i mean buy it in bulk...while its available and cheap
    if you cant afford a whole case
    buy a half case
    or go in half with a buddy

    December 15, 2021 7:44 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Steven Lawrence

    In addition to more dry-fire work, I'm shooting my pellet rifle and pellet pistol a lot more to make up for the ammo and components shortage. A pellet gun routine I like is to hang an aluminum can from a string and see how few shots are required to cut the can in half.

    December 15, 2021 10:44 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Jacki Billings, Editor

      That's a great idea and a fantastic way to stay sharp!

      December 15, 2021 1:09 pm
Join the community! Log in
Please provide a valid email address.
Password is required.
Please provide a valid display name.
Please provide a valid email address.
The password should contain at least 8 characters with at least one number or special character.
Please accept in order to continue.
Trouble logging in?
Type your email address and we’ll send you a link to reset your password.
Please provide a valid email.
Type your new password and hit button below to confirm it.
Field is required.
Account already exists
We already have an account registered for email address () which is linked to your Facebook account.
To log in type your Pew Pew Meter password below.
Field is required.
Account already exists
We noticed that you have previously logged in with your Account which is linked to the same email address () - we can link both of your accounts together.
In order to link your accounts, hit button below and log in to your Account with the same email as above.

Account in Pew Pew Meter means more

Check what do you get by creating an account
Check and save your reviews!
Bookmark and compare your favorite firearms
Manage your newsletter subscription
pew pew tactical logo

new here?

Personalize your experience.
Select what level shooter you are!

pew pew tactical logo

level up your gun knowledge

Thanks! We'll send you the latest guides and training tips geared towards your level.

pew pew tactical logo


You'll now receive newsletters of our best articles on techniques, guns & gear.

$47 value

yours free!

targets targets

practice targets

printer icon printable

our 9 favorite targets and drills


practice targets

printer icon printable

enter your email to download

We'll only use the information provided according to our privacy policy.

success icon

Ready to Download

Click below to begin your download

download pdf