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U.S. State Dept. Bans Russian Ammo Imports

The U.S. State Department banned Russian ammo imports, but why? We deep dive into what caused this and its effect on American consumers.

The U.S. Department of State placed new sanctions on Russia, effectively banning future ammo and firearms imports from the country.

PSA AK74 Ammo Pile

These sanctions against Russian rounds and guns come as a response to the 2020 attempted assassination of Alexei Navalny — an outspoken critic of the Russian government.

But what does this ban mean for gun owners already struggling with an ammo shortage? And why has the U.S. State Department enacted these new restrictions?

PSA AK74 545x39mm

We’ll walk you through the sanctions and the effects this ban could have on the U.S. marketplace.

Keep reading to learn more.

Table of Contents


The Sanctions Explained

This recent round of sanctions against Russia restricts the permanent importation of firearms and ammunition manufactured or located in Russia.

In essence, it prohibits U.S. retailers or manufacturers from bringing Russian guns and ammo over to the States.

Previously, U.S. distributors could apply for permits through the ATF that allowed the importation of Russian goods. That approval process will end on September 7, 2021, due to the new sanctions.

Urban Firearm Setup 762 Ammo
Urban Firearm Setup 762 Ammo

But that means ATF-approved imports before this date will still be honored.

It’s worth noting that approvals last for two years, giving distributors some leeway in terms of supply.

Additionally, the State Department will revisit the sanctions after a year. So, there’s the possibility that restrictions will eventually lift.

The State Department said the ban aims to force Russia to comply with “its obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention.”

This serves as the second round of sanctions imposed under the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act (CBW Act).  

Surefire ProComp 762 Brake
Surefire ProComp 762 Brake

Though the State Department was clear in its message to Russia, what these sanctions will look like specifically for retailers and distributors based in the U.S. is still up in the air.

“We don’t know what the longer-term impact will be on this,” Anthony Welsch of Lucky Gunner said. “In our discussions with some of the larger Russian ammo importers, they’ve mentioned the Department of State press release isn’t entirely clear. Until the official publication of the sanctions (expected next month) it’s hard to know how exactly this impacts all of us or what the short/medium/long term impact will be.”

Is Another Ammo Shortage on the Horizon?

But what does this new round of restrictions mean for the gun industry still reeling from an ammo shortage?

Storefronts are already selling out as consumers clamor to get their hands on ammo before it’s gone.

Online retailer Guns.com said it noticed a significant increase in sales on 7.62×39 ammo to include brands like Barnaul, Red Army Standard, and Wolf.

“We have definitely seen a spike in ammo sales, both for Russian rounds as well as across the board. While we still have some inventory in stock right now, once this is gone, I anticipate acquiring more ammo is going to be even more difficult than it has been for the past year so far,” Guns.com eCommerce Manager Leah Roberts told Pew Pew Tactical.

“Distributors are indicating that they are wiped out on anything 7.62, and I am concerned that the loss of some cheaper steel cased ammunition will drive up prices on ammo overall as demand continues to stay high.”

Popular 7.62x39 Ammo
Popular 7.62×39 Ammo

Lucky Gunner’s Welsch told Pew Pew Tactical that after the public caught wind of the ban, the site saw “unprecedented levels of traffic” to their 7.62×39 caliber page.

“It’s the hottest we’ve ever seen the market specifically for Wolf and Tula ammo,” Welsch explained.”

Welsch explained that uncertainty is likely driving consumers to buy.

“We don’t know what the longer-term impact will be on this.”

From left to right: Winchester 62 grain open tip, TulAmmo 62 grain FMJ, TulAmmo 75 grain HP, and in the magazine below TulAmmo 55 grain HP.

Despite the ban, some industry experts have faith that the industry will rally as many distributors anticipated enhanced restrictions and took steps to prepare.

Larry Keane, National Shooting Sports Foundation Senior Vice President, said significant disruptions in supply might not occur due to forethought on the part of distributors.

Aero Precision Thunder Ranch TR15 556 Steel Ammo

“We do not expect an immediate impact to the market since ATF import approvals secured prior to September 7 will be honored and the product permitted to be imported,” Larry Keane, National Shooting Sports Foundation President, explained in an email to Pew Pew Tactical.

“Companies that import ammunition from Russian anticipated this and secured ATF approval to import. State will re-evaluate the sanctions after one year. The approvals are valid for two years. So, it is possible there will be no disruption in supply.”

MKS Supply, which imports BarnauL from Russia, confirmed Keane’s thoughts. The distributor said the ban could impact ammunition in the future, but right now, it’s business as usual.

(Photo: BarnauL)

“For now, MKS has millions of rounds on approved Form 6s and will continue to import as we have been doing,” David Kiwacka told Pew Pew Tactical.

Despite MKS continuing to import Russia ammunition due to its already approved ATF paperwork, Kiwacka cautioned that market anxiety could impact already strained ammo supplies.

“The hysteria caused by this action will further cause an increased shortage and increased prices (supply & demand) for all ammo in all calibers, which is unfortunate for the U.S. consumer who enjoys shooting.”

Supply aside; the most obvious question is whether prices will skyrocket on Russian rounds due to the sanctions.

PSA AK 103 Mags
PSA AK 103 Mags

While there’s no guarantee that costs won’t increase as demand does, Kiwacka reaffirmed MKS’ commitment to trying to keep costs reasonable for its customers.

“MKS will try our best to keep future prices of Russian ammo within a reasonable price structure,” he said.

Poison & Russian Opposition

But what lead to the sanctions that could now impact millions of gun owners in the U.S.?

The catalyst to the Russian ban centers on the alleged poisoning and attempted assassination of Russian opposition leader, lawyer, and anti-corruption activist Alexei Navalny.

Alexei Navalny in 2020. (Photo: Michał Siergiejevicz)

Described by The Wall Street Journal as “the man Vladimir Putin fears the most,” Navalny leverages his 6 million YouTube subscribers and 2 million Twitter followers to speak on rampant corruption in Russia.

Navalny organizes demonstrations and rallies in Russia targeting corruption and vocally leading the opposition against Vladimir Putin.

But that level of blazing opposition can often come at a cost.  

Navalny & the Novichok Nerve Agent

On a flight from Tomsk to Moscow in August 2020, Navalny fell ill, forcing an emergency landing of his flight.

He was later hospitalized in Omsk, Russia. Initial suspicions pointed to poisoning, but doctors said poisoning was “one scenario among many.”

A plane later evacuated Navalny from Omsk, flying him to Berlin where German doctors confirmed a Novichok nerve agent caused Navalny’s sudden in-flight illness.

Examples of Novichok agents (Photo: WikiCommons)

Novichok nerve agents were developed in Russia and the Soviet Union between 1971 and 1993.

They garnered public attention, though, after their use against opponents of the Russian government.

The agent causes skeletal muscles to involuntarily contract, leading to respiratory and cardiac arrest.

A joint investigation by The Insider and Bellingcat (in association with CNN and Der Spiegel) implicated Russia’s Federal Secret Service as the culprit behind the poisoning.

After recovering, Navalny returned to Russia, where he was imprisoned. He faces more than two years in prison.


Under the CBW Act, the U.S. can impose sanctions against countries that use chemical or biological weapons in violation of international law or against their own nationals.

The U.S, alongside the United Kingdom, reaffirmed its condemnation of the poisoning of Navalny in 2020, using the one-year anniversary to announce the restrictions on Russian imports.

“The United States, in concert with the United Kingdom, is imposing additional costs on the Russian Federation on the one-year anniversary of the poisoning of Russian opposition figure Aleksey Navalny with a Novichok nerve agent,” the press release said.

“Our actions today – exercised by the U.S. Departments of State, the Treasury, Justice and Commerce – send a clear signal that there will be no impunity for the use of chemical weapons, including for the individuals and organizations involved.”

Russian Ammo Alternatives

Though it seems some retailers will still be able to sell Russian rounds, there are other alternatives.

Sellier & Bellot and Prvi Partizan make 7.62×39 rounds that are great for the range. But they are brass and therefore pricier.

For a more economical experience, Lucky Gunner suggests Winchester’s USA Forged Ammo. This steel-cased ammo is perfect for the range and comes in at a more affordable price point.

9mm Steel Cased Ammo
Winchester USA Forged

Lucky Gunner’s Welsch also pointed out that even if the restrictions don’t lift, consumers shouldn’t underestimate American ingenuity.

“Of course, depending upon how all this plays out we might see the amount of ammo produced change. 7.62×39 and the steel-cased pistol round market are dominated by Russian players. If they are taken out of the game, there’s going to be a hole that there somebody could have the opportunity to fill.”

Canik Mete 9mm Ammo Box


Though many distributors anticipated these sanctions and gained ATF approval for imports beforehand, the anxiety caused by the announcement could lead to a shortage of Russian rounds in the short term.

Each rifle takes the same ammunition type and can easily eat through steel cased bi-metal bullets. SKS

The most important thing gun owners can do to fight these new sanctions is contact representatives and join a pro-2A organization like the Firearms Policy Coalition, Gun Owners of America, or Second Amendment Foundation.

“Everyone can call/write their representatives and voice your opposition to this,” Kiwacka with MKS Supply suggested.

As always, Pew Pew Tactical will keep you up to date on the latest developments in this story.

What do you think of these sanctions? Have you bought any ammo recently? Let us know in the comments below. For more news, check out our News Category with all the deets on what’s happening in the industry.  

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15 Leave a Reply

  • Commenter Avatar

    Maybe it's time to set up underground importing via south america then across the southern border.

    December 12, 2021 5:39 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    Ray Vaughn

    Seems like there is an elephant in the room. If these are the most popular and most prevalent caliber weapons in the USA, isn't it better to ask why is all the ammo being made in Russia? What is keeping USA manufacturers from filling the void?

    October 17, 2021 9:47 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Chris Browning

    The move to ban Russian firearms and ammunition is nothing new. It won't give Putin anything but some annoyance, however his friends that own these companies will be affected. I don't always tely on factory ammo for my needs, there is handloading after all. Of course, that comes with it's own complications (lack of components). I hope everyone just settles down, take a breath and hold on, it might be a bumpy ride but we'll make it.

    September 27, 2021 10:53 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    I shoot 6.5 Grendel in a couple of ARs. I reload but have found it hard to get the 123 grain Hornady bullets I like to use. I have found the Wolf steel cased ammo although lighter to shoot well. I already had a 500 round case on hand but when I heard of the ban I immediately bought another case at a too high price.

    August 31, 2021 4:55 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    So who is responsible for the "price gouging"? Some local gun stores we have supported over the years are selling ammo at exorbitant prices. Currently major manufacturers brand pricing on 50 9MM brass target rounds vary in price from $18 as much as $40-50 a box. While manufacturers I'm sure have had slight increases, I believe the "gouging" is taking place at the distributor or retail level

    August 31, 2021 3:15 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    It funny fact that here in Russia, the ammo market suffers because of imports, USA consumed nearly all ammo produced by our manufacturers. So in our local market, the price increased at least twice for the last half of the year. But that ban won't be good for us either. Most experts think that price is going to increase and it'll lead to decreasing in weapon owner number. Not only because of the ammo prices but because of some new stupid laws.

    August 27, 2021 3:09 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    I have to say I’ve never bought Russian Ammo and never plan to.

    August 27, 2021 7:20 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      You do you! Much of the best and cheapest range ammo Ive had was Tula. Cant beat it for the price!

      September 6, 2021 9:08 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Robert Hoyle

    While the ban on Russian made ammo may cause some hardship for U.S.A and UK shooters it may well present some longer term benefits :
    1. Spur production by U.S. Companies and thus support our

    2. Slow the cash flow into the Russian economy

    August 27, 2021 5:04 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    JD Grayman

    "Russia! Russia! RUSSIA!" - Jan Brady, probably

    August 25, 2021 9:42 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    The ban only pertains to new permits, not existing ones. Since there is already a large volume of Russian ammo in the pipeline it might be too soon to cry Wolf (no pun intended).

    August 25, 2021 11:01 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      Agreed. Hopefully you are right. I have heard that places like academy still get what their contract guarantees for the next two years.

      August 25, 2021 1:23 pm
      • Commenter Avatar
        Jacki Billings, Editor

        According to what we know so far about the sanctions and based on the discussions I had with distributors, the ban appears to only apply to new applications. Existing applications or those that get approved before the Sept. 7, 2021 cutoff will be okay for the next two years.

        August 25, 2021 6:41 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Daniel S.

    I know both what's going on with the ammo laws and what happened to Alexei are serious but seeing the two connected made me think of "it all started when they shot that damn gorilla" for some reason lol great article!

    August 24, 2021 9:56 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    Looks like another year of shooting .22lr for me. Unfortunately that will just lower the prices they sell their ammo to the Taliban and to ISIS. Russia is corrupt and they are the bad guys, but not sure this solves anything.

    August 24, 2021 5:07 pm
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