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How to Mail Guns (Legally and Without Going to Jail)

Sometimes, you just need to move a firearm from point A to point B. You want to do it legally, but also want to do it easily, without a bunch of hassles.

Compact Handguns
Sometimes you need to move these from point A to point B.

You can do it, but fair warning, mailing a firearm comes with caveats and considerations. 

After all, you must comply with federal, state, and local laws.

ATF Legal seagulls

And even those can vary according to what you’re shipping and its destination. To make it a bit more challenging, carriers have their own policies as well.

It doesn’t have to be a nightmare, though…which is why you have us.

Today, we’re going to walk you through the ins and outs of mailing guns. From how to ship them to which carriers are the best, we’ll arm you with the knowledge you need to get guns from one location to another.

Before we dive in, let’s do a quick disclaimer: We are not legal professionals and this article should not be substituted for actual legal advice. Because laws vary and change often, please consult a firearms attorney about the legalities of shipping firearms prior to doing so.

Table of Contents


Federal Firearms License

What does a Federal Firearms License have to do with mailing a firearm?

Individuals who sell, manufacture, import, or repair firearms — also known as dealers — are required to hold an FFL. 

The FFL establishes that the person holding the license operates a legitimate, lawful business registered and in compliance with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.

Gun Shop
In other words, an FFL is necessary to run a gun shop.

An FFL not only allows the licensee to operate their firearms-related business but also to ship and receive firearms in accordance with federal, state, and local laws.

(Want to get your own FFL, check out our article on how to do so here!)

Shipping Firearms Without an FFL

For those of us who do not hold an FFL but want to mail a firearm, the ATF terms us as nonlicensees

As a nonlicensee under basic federal law, your ability to mail a firearm through the U.S. Postal Service without the involvement of an FFL is limited:

  1. You can ship a firearm to yourself in a state where you plan “to hunt or engage in any other lawful activity.” You must address it to yourself “in care of” the out-of-state resident. Once it arrives, no one but you can take possession of or open the package, so you must be at the destination to receive it.
  2. You can ship a firearm to another nonlicensed person in your state. While the post office will allow nonlicensees to mail long guns to other nonlicensees in the same state, it restricts its services for handguns and pistols to FFL holders. Nonlicensees who want to ship a handgun are limited to contract carriers, which require you ship the gun to or through an FFL holder.
  3. You can ship a firearm to a person in another state only if you ship it to an FFL holder in the destination state. That is, if you wish to transfer a firearm to a nonlicensee who resides in another state, you must ship the gun to an FFL holder in your recipient’s state. The FFL holder will release the firearm to the person once they’ve completed the ATF Form 4473 and NICS background check. Even if you are shipping a gun for repair, if your gunsmith is out-of-state, they must either hold an FFL themselves or receive your gun through someone who does.

Shipping Firearms Responsibly

Federal law allows you to transfer firearms to another person living within your state of residence. 

However, the law also stipulates that you cannot knowingly provide a gun to someone who is prohibited from “receiving or possessing” one.

Not all interactions between mail and firearms have to end like this!

Current federal law prohibits felons, abusers, violent offenders, and those suffering from mental illness from possessing guns. Some state laws go even further.

A number of states require some type of background check, permit or license for firearms that in many cases must go through an FFL or state agency. 

Form 4473 NICS and Shield
Form 4473

In some cases, no transfer can occur until the firearm recipient supplies proof that they can legally receive the gun.

As with most gun-related issues, states run the gamut.  For example,

  • Maine doesn’t impose restrictions; however, it does task its Department of Public Safety with helping firearms sellers who want to run a background check on prospective buyers do so.
  • Connecticut requires that all long gun transfers must go through a federally licensed dealer complete with a background check. All handgun transfers must wait for an authorization from the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection.
  • California mandates that all firearms transfers must go through a licensed dealer, who must complete a background check. Period.
Background Check Laws by State, Governing.com
Background Check Laws by State, Governing.com

States implementing these types of restrictions include California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Washington.

In addition, states determine what types of firearms and ammo they’ll allow. 

Georgia, Indiana, and Kentucky have no state limitations on firearms classified as assault weapons.

Faxon Firearms Ascent AR-15
Faxon Firearms Ascent AR-15

On the other hand, California, Maryland, and Massachusetts ban certain weapons by feature. Those same states often limit magazine capacities.

Aero Precision Thunder Ranch TR15 AR Mags
AR Mags

As well as complying with all state laws, you’ll need to heed local ones as well. 

For example, urban areas battling high crime rates often restrict the types of firearms permitted within their city limits. 

Restrictions don’t always go by city either. Though Florida itself doesn’t require background checks some counties do.

It’s all so confusing!

Ultimately, what you need to do depends on the exact address of where the firearm is heading. 

While sifting through the gritty details can be frustrating, getting it wrong can result in a seized weapon and some really stressful encounters with law enforcement.

Red Flag Laws (5)
You don’t want these guys stopping by.

Packing a Firearm for Shipping

Laws govern how you must pack a gun for shipping. 

The idea is to pack them so that no one has any idea that a gun is in inside and so it arrives safely and intact.

KelTec CP33 in the case
A foam-lined case can help protect your investment.
  1. Choose a large, strong box with plenty of room for packing material to cushion the firearm. UPS, for example, mandates new, corrugated packaging that meet its single-wall strength guidelines.
  2. Ensure that the exterior of the box gives no obvious indication of the firearm within. Federal law prohibits markings that indicate that the box contains a firearm. Plus, you don’t want to tempt any potential gun thieves.
Sig Sauer 716i Tread AR-10 and a cardboard box it comes in
Can’t just slap a label on this and go.
  1. Do not include any ammunition. Ammunition has its own set of rules, and it must travel as a separate parcel.
  2. Pack the firearm securely. The box should feel solid, with no rattling or shifting. Shoddily packed rifles have been known to arrive at their destination with the barrel or bolt protruding, damaged buttstocks or worse…torn open and at the mercy of strangers and the elements. Bubble wrap, pool noodles, Styrofoam, sturdy packing paper and wide tape are must-haves. You should insure the contents, but poor packaging can void your claim.
Mail Insurance Form
You’ll need to fill out a slip similar to this one.

Shipping a Firearm

A number of carriers ship firearms, and each has its own requirements. Always check your chosen carrier’s website for the latest policies or changes. 

Here are the current policies for the big three — USPS, UPS, and FedEx. A quick look will confirm that each has its own plan of action.



According to the USPS guidelines for nonlicensees, “all regulated firearms must be mailed using a USPS product or Extra Service that provides tracking and signature capture at delivery.”  However, nonlicensed individuals cannot ship handguns or other “firearms capable of being concealed on the person.” 

Even if you’re shipping the handgun to an FFL holder, you will have to ship it through a contract carrier. The USPS will ship handguns only for official government, military, and law enforcement agencies.



While UPS is often cited as a viable contract carrier for firearms, it isn’t really an option for a nonlicensed person shipping a firearm to another nonlicensed person…even if you are shipping in-state. 

UPS specifies that it accepts packages for transportation only:

  • between FFL holders,
  • from an FFL holder to an individual or
  • from an individual to an FFL holder.

That said, UPS accepts firearms only through a UPS Scheduled Pickup Account or UPS Customer Center. You must opt for delivery confirmation and an adult signature. 

While long guns can travel ground, UPS ships handguns only via UPS Next Day Air® services. UPS does not offer UPS Returns® Services for firearms.



FedEx has policies for shipping firearms that are quite similar to those of UPS. FedEx ships firearms between FFL holders and from nonlicensees to FFL holders. 

You must select the “Direct Signature Required or Adult Signature Required Delivery Signature Option,” and firearms ship via FedEx’s Priority Overnight services.



If you were wondering, DHL ships firearms “only from and to licensed dealers.” 

It won’t even ship paintball or pellet gun or gun parts for a nonlicensee, and it won’t include firearms in a move of household goods.

Universal Guidelines

Regardless of which carrier ships your firearm, all require that you:

  • Alert the carrier that your package contains a firearm.
  • Present appropriate personal identification and paperwork. This includes documentation proving your age as well as your recipient’s suitability or license to receive the firearm.
  • Ship ammunition separately from the firearm. Ammunition is considered an explosive.
  • Ensure that the firearm is not loaded. The carrier may request that you open the package to ensure that the weapon is unloaded and that it falls within the shipper’s guidelines.
  • Present your package in person. You cannot use drop boxes or third-party shipping centers, for example.
  • Include appropriate paperwork if you’re shipping the firearm to an FFL holder. They will need documentation for their records, which can vary by state and locale.

By the Way…

If you’re thinking of shipping a gun disassembled or piecemeal in separate packages to be reunited at the destination, you might want to reconsider. 

ATF specifically states that “rendering a firearm unserviceable does not remove it from the definition of an NFA firearm.” 

In addition, frames, receivers, suppressors, and destructive devices are all considered firearms.

.30 Cal and 5.56 Suppressors
.30 Cal and 5.56 Suppressors

As for international shipping, according to the ATF, that exists in the realm of FFL holders:

  • “A licensee [without an importer’s license] may make an occasional importation of a firearm for a nonlicensee or for the licensee’s personal use (not for resale).”
  • In most cases, exporting a firearm requires a license issued by the U.S. Department of State’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
  • Exporting sporting shotguns also requires licensing through the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security.
  • Exporting NFA firearms requires the approval of an ATF Form 9, Application and Permit for Permanent Exportation of Firearms.


We’ve covered a number of ways you can legally ship firearms but keep in mind there is a patchwork map of laws to contend with.

At first, all the rules and regulations may seem off-putting, but asking questions and following the guidelines will get your firearm where it needs to go.

If your head is spinning, remember that you can always employ an FFL holder on your end to help you ship your firearm. 

Gun store
Most gun stores are happy to serve as federally licensed recipients for shipped firearms.

They may charge a fee for their services, but you’re paying for more than simple transportation.

You’re paying them to keep the entire transaction legal so that you can continue to enjoy all the rights and responsibilities of gun ownership.

That said, there are a couple of options to ship to yourself or another person if you follow the local requirements.

Canik Mete SFT SFX in box
Pack the guns in a case, then the case in a box.

Remember, don’t ship a gun in an obvious gun container, pack it well so it doesn’t move in the box, and get a tracking number and insurance.

With this guide and due diligence for the laws in your area, you should have a perfectly legal, gun shipping experience.

Have you ever shipped a gun? Tell us about your experience in the comments below. If you’re looking at flying…check out our guide to Flying with Firearms.

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61 Leave a Reply

  • Commenter Avatar

    So my brother lives in MD. He was visiting family in Utah over the summer and ended up buying a rifle from a private seller. He didn't take it back when he left and is now asking me to mail it to him. How do I proceed?

    August 26, 2021 8:24 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    I have a question, I have 4 long rifles in Colorado that are in my name, I passed the background checks and bought them from gun stores. I left them with a friend for safety and storage reason when I moved out of state. I now live in Michigan. Can my friend legally mail them to me from Colorado to Michigan? If so, how does he do it? Thanks

    July 17, 2021 1:57 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Tom S.

    Why did you add that misleading chart that implies background checks are not required at gunshows? Normal rules apply at gunshows.

    June 7, 2021 2:34 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Clint H

      I'm assuming it represents personal firearms sales which do not require background checks at gun shows.

      June 21, 2021 6:31 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    I'm a retired Police Officer and I need to ship several guns to my brother-in-law in another state. I'm moving out of the country. Any suggestions where to start?

    May 3, 2021 2:29 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Clint H

      You can ship them to an FFL where he can pick them up. He will have to have a background check and probably be charged a fee for the transfer.

      June 21, 2021 6:35 pm
      • Commenter Avatar

        For each firearm there will be a fee and background check

        July 2, 2021 10:05 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    I need to ship my collection to Italy. I can't find a shipper. Can anyone help?

    January 12, 2021 11:03 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      Try contacting Gunbroker.com

      January 20, 2021 10:43 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Craig Kennaugh

      I have the same question but to Germany. I don't have a FFL. Local gun shops with FFLs want me to buy a gun there, not ship mine.

      June 12, 2021 10:11 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    hypothetically ... if i was having a handgun shipped between states from FFL to FFL, but the receiving FFL lost his license during transit and the USPS was holding the package, how would I legally get it to a licensed dealer? I doubt they'd go to go to the post office to get it for me. Am I screwed?

    December 14, 2020 4:12 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      Wouldn't they just return the package to original sender?

      December 22, 2020 3:32 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Clint H

      The gun would have to go back to the original sender and resent to a new FFL holder.

      June 21, 2021 6:33 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    How can I ship a hand gun from myself in Alaska to myself in Arizona? I am not a ffl holder.

    September 4, 2020 12:48 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Troy Johnson

      Go to an FFL here in Alaska. I use Juan at EDC Alaska in Anchorage. Then find an FFL in Arizona who will accept the shipment. That's it.

      September 10, 2020 10:34 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    Interesting info, likely gathered via internet search, buy may be not personal experience?? As an FFL, can ship to other FFL via USPS. Like all government entities, they have a form for this, it is number 1508 and requires a variety of affirmations, essentially on FFL at both ends of the transaction.

    September 1, 2020 5:49 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    Thanks for a very informative article Scott. How about something similar dealing with shipping a hunting rifle abroad. Perhaps a series dealing hunting/safari destinations e.g. Canada, South Africa Australia etc

    July 1, 2020 4:32 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Leon Williams

    I need to have 4 pistols shipped to me in PA from GA, can this be done through UPS if it is sent overnight? I do not have a FFL nor do I have access to someone who has one.

    May 24, 2020 10:28 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      No you can not you must go to a gun shop, pawnshop,etc. It’s really easy this way keeps everything legal for around 20-30 bucks. I just shipped a handgun and had to go this route hope this helps. This was just my experience.

      May 28, 2020 1:11 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      Must not have read the article, at all...did you?

      May 29, 2020 5:59 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Kristy R Dutton

    I want to ship my rifles from Arizona to Texas to myself I am flying so can't take them how do I do this

    May 20, 2020 11:52 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      John R

      You can take your rifles on an airplane. It's done all the time.

      May 24, 2020 7:33 pm
      • Commenter Avatar

        How does that work?

        July 31, 2020 1:53 am
        • Commenter Avatar

          Call your airline they all have different rules. Must have lock box and such.

          August 9, 2020 3:05 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Lynn Brocklehurst

      I am also flying but shipping my shotgun by way of USPS . I am going to ship it to myself . So I am learning what I need to do so it’s that legal. Don’t want to lose my shotgun to the ATF for doing it wrong.

      July 24, 2020 11:12 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    "You can ship a firearm to yourself in a state where you plan “to hunt or engage in any other lawful activity.” You must address it to yourself “in care of” the out-of-state resident. Once it arrives, no one but you can take possession of or open the package, so you must be at the destination to receive it."

    Which carrier supports this?

    March 5, 2020 11:00 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Mike Brauckhoff


      March 17, 2020 5:47 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      What's the average UPS shipping fee to ship a handgun through my FFL in Oregon to an FFL in South Dakota? about 1,500 miles. total weight is 6.0lbs including shipping box. I already know what the FFL transfer fee is, just trying to get a ballpark on the actual shipping fee.

      May 5, 2020 11:26 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    Trying to ship a single action barrel WWII rifle to my brother in law. It was his fathers gun in the war. How can I do this?

    February 18, 2020 7:49 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Ann marie Bell

    Trying to ship an old colt long barrel to nh ..its in a display case..these laws are confusing.. I am not licenced nor is the recipient..dont have to be

    February 12, 2020 11:48 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    Bruce Albert

    I have an old Colt cap and ball 32 caliber police gun I would like to send to a relative of that generations old 1860's Paterson NJ. policeman now residing in Florida

    February 6, 2020 7:48 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    William Rudder

    The authors citation deals with NFA firearms. (National Firearms Act). Thus does not apply to
    non nfa firearms.

    December 13, 2019 10:33 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    so disassembling a gun and mailing in separate packages isn't allowed? hypothetically speaking, how would anyone know? are usps, fedex and ups boxes x-rayed?

    October 25, 2019 8:18 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      You can ship a disassembled gun in as many packages as you like, the box that contains the frame or receiver of the firearm is the box that is restricted. Every other part in the gun is just considered a part. Basically, disassembling it and shipping it in a bunch of packages would do nothing other than raise your shipping costs, because the frame/receiver of the gun IS the gun.

      November 6, 2019 7:47 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    Can my son who lives in CA can send me a rifle to me in Pa

    October 21, 2019 4:16 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    UPS and FedEx in Portland, OR both stated to me today, in person, all firearms must be sent via next day air. I showed them their company policy, but they did not care.

    On UPS website, it says only handguns require verbal notification of what's being shipped.

    I have a prepaid label now, going to see if they will accept my shipment that's not a handgun again.

    September 19, 2019 12:55 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    K Holt

    I’m moving from Ga to Alaska. I have a pistol and shotgun. My son is in the Army there and I want to mail it so he can pick it up. Any suggestions on who to go through

    August 28, 2019 8:54 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Hassan B

    What shipping companies accept firearms to be shipped overseas? Fedex, DHL & UPS won’t do it.

    August 15, 2019 10:38 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    Phil Phillips, Jr.

    Just my $.02: I'm not an FFL but ship guns around the country all the time to myself, family, people I sell to, etc. I'm well aware it's not legal and I strongly recommend that no one follow my lead but as long as you pack things carefully - super tight with NO rattling or movement - I'm not sure how anyone can tell what's in the box.

    July 3, 2019 9:59 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      There’s these newfangled machines these days called y-ray or maybe it’s s-ray or something like that, apparently can see thru stuff...

      July 4, 2019 4:07 pm
      • Commenter Avatar
        Charles Connelly

        Only used if contents have to leave the ground. Ways around that too.

        September 19, 2019 2:04 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    jason schultz

    can some one else drop off my boxed rifles at post office

    June 24, 2019 7:27 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    felipe amoroso

    How can I mail a gun to Brazil?

    April 29, 2019 6:36 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    Are there any restrictions for mailing a stock or rifle chassis?

    April 14, 2019 11:16 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      David, PPT Editor

      Nope, anything that isn't the receiver itself is fine to mail normally.

      April 15, 2019 5:20 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    You might need to update your info. FedEx will NOT ship a private party (IE from myself, to myself, c/o my brother) weapon. They only ship private party to FFL, or FFL to private party, or FFL to FFL - so I'm told.
    I showed the FedEx manager the ATF website where it shows that I am legal to do this, but I was told that doesn't matter because they won't do it.

    People who don't know the law and are unwilling to learn it are beyond my comprehension, and beyond help.

    March 11, 2019 5:50 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Jacob Warren

    Im thinking about starting a custom holster business, i want the customer to mail me their gun so i can fit it to the holster and then mail the gun back to the customer when I'm done. The customer still has ownership of the gun (not being transferred as a sale), would i still have to go through an ffl or should i be fine since there is no sale? Thank you

    January 7, 2019 6:54 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      William S Grimaldi

      To do this legally you will have to become a FFL. Unless you only accept shipments from in state.

      May 2, 2019 9:51 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    My father passed away and i am in possession of one of his family shotguns from the 1920s. It was my dads intent for the gun go to my nephew. I live in Texas. My nephew is in California. I'm trying to figure out if since the gun is a relic and lawfully would belong to my nephew anyway, how to get him the firearm properly. Any ideas? Can USPS handle or do i have to go to a licensed dealer? The gun isn't a gift from me. The deceased passed 12 years ago and we were waiting for my nephew to get older before giving him the gun my dad intended. I spoke to my nephew and his father. They want the gun. We fly him out often. He's a responsible straight A student and already owns a glock and target shoots often with his cousins, so I have no worries about placing the gun in his custody.

    December 23, 2018 7:12 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      David, PPT Editor

      You'll need to mail it to an FFL in CA, I would take the shotgun down to an FFL near you and have them send it to CA - any FFL should be able to do it and will normally charge a fee, how much of a fee depends on the FFL.

      December 23, 2018 7:36 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    Turd Fergusen

    I have carried (in checked baggage, of course) firearms on airlines numerous times without incident. Their baggage handlers and security folks are very careful and regimented with the handling of both handguns and long guns. My only suggestion would be that you use a secure means of transporting the firearm, which would be a locked case of some sort. You cannot include it with checked baggage such as your clothing or suitcase. I believe this is a requirement anyway. You can get gasketed foam filled shipping cases relatively cheap these days, and it's something you'll reuse, too.

    November 17, 2018 12:59 pm
  • Commenter Avatar
    Matt Longley

    Make sure to add Ship My Gun to the list. That is one of the easiest gun shipping services to use.

    October 18, 2018 7:00 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    I just researched all of this. I am a resident of Missouri with a CCW and am traveling to Arizona for the winter. I contacted a FFL dealer in Arizona to accept my firearm when delivered and was told that unless I had a valid Arizona DL I was not able to do that. I had to be a "resident" of Arizona, prove it and go all through their legal requirements to get my firearm back. Glad I checked, now I will just take it on the plane with me.

    October 15, 2018 9:56 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    Laura Knight

    How did you know it's really safe. I don't know the guy I am giving my address to for payment.

    August 29, 2018 6:54 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    What are the laws about shipping a gun you own from your home to your new home in another state.

    June 27, 2018 8:28 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    "frames and receivers ... are all considered firearms." No, they are not. The only part of a firearm that is regulated by the ATF is the receiver; in the case of an AR15, the lower receiver. Everything else are just parts. This is why you find the serial number on the receiver and is not required anyplace else on the firearm.

    April 18, 2018 3:33 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      A handgun "frame" is an FFL item, a rifle's "receiver" is an FFL item. The article is a tad unclear about that, we'll edit it!

      April 18, 2018 9:37 am
  • Commenter Avatar

    My sister lives in CT. She has a handgun that she purchased inFL when she lived there. Now she wants to “gift” me the handgun. I live in NC and have a CCP. How should she go about sending me the gun?

    April 5, 2018 10:37 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    Art DeMarco

    I thought it was interesting to see how the new gun laws affect the transportation of firearms through the mail. Having someone with an FFL ship your gun seems like a safe, responsible way to get a gun from point a to point b. I'm learning all I can about guns before I purchase one, and this was helpful, thank you.

    March 9, 2018 9:37 am
  • Commenter Avatar
    charles delude

    Would the same rules apply when shipping a handgun for warranty repairs to the manufacturer

    October 22, 2017 5:25 pm
  • Commenter Avatar

    'Private sales' at "gun shows' do not necessarily require a background check. "Universal background checks" will only work IF and only IF the government knows who owns each and every fire arm. Without 'gun registry' it doesn't work, and that is why the 'statists' want them; back door registration. FFL to FFL is the only way I'd ship a firearm; You can transport it with you when you travel. Just be careful where you end up. NY and NJ are 'no, no' in ANY case. same with CA.

    October 19, 2017 4:04 am