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[Guide] Everything You Need to Know about Tannerite

Tannerite is a fun way to add some excitement to your day at the range...if used properly. Read on to find out how to use it safely and effectively.

    What’s the most fun part about firing a gun?

    For some people, it’s the challenge of shooting fast, straight and perfecting the manual of arms of a firearm.  For others, it’s the pleasure of turning money into noise, and if you like turning money into noise then boy oh boy…have we got something for you.

    It’s called Tannerite, and it’s a (mostly) legal explosive you can buy in almost any gun store in the United States.  You’ve likely seen Youtube videos or ‘reality’ tv shows where someone with a gun shoots a target and it goes boom.  That’s Tannerite.

    How does it work?  How much does it cost?  What does mostly legal mean?  

    All good questions, and all questions we’ll be answering today as we go over everything you could ever need (or want) to know about Tannerite.

    Table of Contents


    What is Tannerite?

    Tannerite is a binary explosive (there’s two parts to it) that detonates whenever something with a velocity at or over 2000 feet per second strikes it.  

    Once it’s struck it detonates and explodes in a cloud of dust and fury.  Fortunately, it is also extremely stable and will not explode if struck with something heavy, or if it gets dropped, tossed, or abused.

    It cannot be detonated via electric charge, or by a Looney-Tunes-syle lit fuse.

    wile e coyote
    Cartoon coyotes need not apply.

    Also, Tannerite is actually not the most accurate name.  Technically Tannerite is a brand name of binary explosive.  There’s more now like Sonic Boom & SureShot.

    Tannerite is the biggest, and the most successful company producing binary explosives, and when the idea became popular the name Tannerite just stuck.  These days Tannerite is often a universal name for any commercial binary explosive.

    Kinda like how all cotton swabs get called Q-Tips and all facial tissues get called Kleenex. 

    Technically when you buy Tannerite you aren’t buying an explosive of any kind.  You are actually, technically, buying two compounds that are separated at purchase.

    technically correct

    The separate compounds are often bagged separately.  Tannerite does not legally become an explosive until the two powders are mixed.  This is important a bit later.

    The powders are a combination of oxidizers and a fuel.  Most commonly, the fuel is aluminum powder and the oxidizers are ammonium nitrate and ammonium perchlorate.

    How Does it Work?

    It’s simple, you mix the solution, set it out an appropriately safe distance away,  (we’ll discuss  safe distances later), and then shoot it with a rifle that can achieve over 2,000 feet per second.

    When the round strikes the Tannerite it will explode.  It’s pretty simple.  Most common rifle rounds will ignite the powder, including 5.56, 243, 308, 7.62 x 39, and 270…basically any high-velocity round.  In fact, 2,000 fps is fairly sluggish by some rifle standards.

    Note: Check out our rifle caliber guide for more information.

    Common Bullet Calibers
    Not all of these will set off Tannerite.  Make sure you check your velocities carefully.

    There is one handgun round, the 22 TCM, that has the capability to ignite it when fired from a pistol.  Some 22 TCM rounds can reach up to 2100 feet per second.  

    Shotgun rounds, sadly,  are a total no go with this stuff, as are most other conventional handgun rounds.

    Rimfire Binary Explosives

    There are also rimfire binary explosives, most notably the White Lightning brand.  Why these are so sensitive is somewhat unclear, but it’s not Tannerite as we know it.

    There isn’t a lot of information out there, but it’s much more sensitive and can start fires if shot in a dry area.  It will also burn rapidly if set on fire.

    However, it is safe to handle and won’t explode when dropped or anything crazy like that.

    probably safe
    Probably safe….the worst kind of safe.

    It does seem to be about twice the price of Tannerite and about twice the power too.  So plan accordingly.  


    How is this all legal?  It seems insane that explosives like this aren’t really regulated.  However, according to federal law and the ATF,

    “Persons manufacturing explosives for their own personal, non-business use only (e.g., personal target practice) are not required to have a Federal explosives license or permit”

    Don’t we live in a helluva great country?  USA! USA! USA!  

    freedom meme
    Freedom smells like explosives, it turns out.

    The two compounds separately are not considered explosives by themselves, so they can be sold without any need for a Federal Explosives license.  When you mix the two compounds you are manufacturing explosives for personal use…which means you can’t sell it or use it to make money.

    Using binary explosives for business use is not illegal, but you will need a Federal explosives license or permit.  This has come up more than once in the media.

    Binary explosives have been used in the past to remove stumps, and clear land in rural communities but doing so for cash is illegal without a Federal Explosives license or permit, and could result in a hefty fine, or even jail time.  So don’t do that. 

    arrested development jail
    Jail is not nearly as fun as Arrested Development says.

    There is also some minor discourse online on the subject of using binary explosives in Youtube videos that are monetized.  This all started when the ATF raided popular Youtuber FPSRussia’s ranch, and an ATF Spokesman stated, “The claim is that he was using explosives and getting paid for it via YouTube.”

    However, no charges were ever pressed and the Sheriff of Franklin County, where FPS Russia resides, said the raid was in connection to the murder of FPS Russia’s business partner…which is a whole other thing. 

    Other channels have monetized videos of them shooting Tannerite and the issue hasn’t reared its head in any public way.  All that having been said, if you want to start a Youtube channel with Tannerite, I’d consult a lawyer savvy on explosives law.  

    fps russia
    His real name is Kyle by the way. And he’s from Georgia. The state, not the country.

    When dealing with explosives, as with many things, when in doubt, lawyer up.

    Transportation of Tannerite

    So remember how it’s not an explosive until it’s mixed?  That makes transporting Tannerite a breeze.

    So when I go to my favorite gun store, purchase some Tannerite and take it around town I’m good to go.  However, the moment I mix it, traveling becomes a major no-no.

    Explosives Sign
    Do you have a license, and a big fancy truck with explosion-resistant lockers and a cushy suspension? If no, DO NOT transport mixed Tannerite.

    The Safe Explosives Act (kind of an oxymoron) prohibits anyone who isn’t licensed or permitted by the Federal government, from transporting explosives.  Also, you can’t ship them as a mixture either, just thought I’d toss that in there.  Once the explosives are mixed they need to be used immediately.

    State and Federal Legalities of Tannerite

    Remember this is only federally legal.  Your state may have its own restrictions and its own laws regarding possessing, mixing and using binary explosives.

    I know California requires licensing for example.  If you attempt to make or buy binary explosives know your state laws.  You’ve been warned.  

    We are 100% not responsible for anything you do with any of this information.  

    tannerite explosion
    Especially if that thing gets you put on a watch list.

    Don’t Mess with the Law

    Instagram sensation and professional poker player Dan Bilzerian ran into some legal trouble for making and using Tannerite on public lands.  While the exact details are hard to sniff out he may have been violating state laws about the use of binary targets on public lands, or potentially transporting pre-mixed Tannerite.

    dan bilzerian
    This guy? Break the law? Surely not.

    He got lucky with only a 10,000 dollar fine and he had to create a safety PSA.  He could have been facing up to 6 years in prison.

    Is Tannerite Dangerous?

    It’s an explosive, so yes it’s very dangerous.  It’s also toxic so don’t leave it around kids, dogs, or anything/one you don’t trust to not eat it.  People have died because of idiots with Tannerite, and idiots have lost limbs due to Tannerite.

    If you fear you may be unable to safely use explosives I’ll give you a pro tip, “Don’t play with explosives.”

    duh meme
    This should be sort of obvious.

    First off to safely use Tannerite never try to blow up something that could create dangerous shrapnel.  This means no lawnmowers, no washing machines, glass, cars, or generally anything that will cause dangerous fragmentation.

    If you want something fun to blow up, stick to watermelons, Easter eggs full of chalk, and piles of dirt.  Nothing that could potentially send dangerous shrapnel into you, or anything else important. 

    A general rule of thumb for Tannerite is to place any target ¼ pound and up at least a 100 yards away.  Any targets larger than a pound needs to be set at least 200 yards away.

    You should really never go over two pounds per target.

    too much tannerite
    Again, you’ve been warned.

    Also never use these targets in an area with a high fire danger level.  They can and have started brush fires.

    You don’t want to be responsible for a massive brush on your range, or potentially public land.  

    Since you are shooting it you should already be wearing ear and eye protection…you do always wear proper eye and ear protection, right?

    Where it’s Banned

    Because of brush fires throughout the west, the Forest Service has banned the use of exploding targets on all USFS lands in the Rocky Mountain region.  

    Seems reasonable.

    The Forest service also bans the use of Tannerite in Washington, Oregon, and Montana.  The Bureau of Land Management is also banning Tannerite on almost every public range in the Western US. Before shooting on public land ensure its permitted and legal to do so.

    What Exactly is the Point of Tannerite?

    Is there a real purpose to Tannerite?  The only serious purpose I can for the everyday shooter is for long range shooting.

    Tannerite explodes when hit, so when rocking larger caliber long range rounds like .338 Lapua and 50 BMG,  hitting Tannerite lets you know you hit your target.

    Then again, one of the great things about America is you don’t have to have a real reason to want something.  We went to the moon because we could, and to thumb our noses at the Communists…Tannerite fills much the same role.

    Tannerite is just one of those things that’s fun to shoot, fun to have, and adds a little boom to your range time.

    Outside of the safety considerations remember you are playing with an explosive material.  It’s absurdly loud, creates a cloud of smoke, and can make the ground shake.

    With that in mind remember to be nice to your neighbors if you are on private land.  Maybe let them know you are gonna be blowing stuff up.

    jail meme
    Or maybe go to jail, your choice.

    This could help avoid calls to the police.  If you are hitting a public range that allows the use of Tannerite remember to be safe with other shooters and clean up your mess.  

    Tannerite can displace lots of gravel, dirt, sand, and generally create a problem.  Be polite, and clean up.  The best way to get a range shut down…or to be asked to never come back…is to be that guy.

    You know the one.  He’s usually the one standing behind you at the range, asking if he can shoot your gun, and bragging about that one time he rang the gong at 1000 yards with his Ruger 10/22.  Yeah, he’s also the type to bring way too much boom to the range.  Don’t be that person.  You’re better than that.

    Here comes the Boom

    Tannerite is a good way to spice up a boring range day.  After a solid day of training and target practice, it can be good to unwind and blow something up.  Just remember to stay legal, stay safe, and have fun with it.

    Bonus: Here’s a video of professionals doing something you super, duper should never do…blowing up a Ford Bronco with 30lbs of Tannerite. Enjoy! (and don’t try this at home)

    Have you ever used Tannerite? Got any (safe) tips for fun things to do with it? Let us know in the comments! And heck out more of our favorite guns & gear in Editor’s Picks.

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    24 Leave a Reply

    • Commenter Avatar
      Brian Mann

      Okay here's an unusual question. I am into black powder shooting and there seems to be a shortage of percussion caps. I have a #11 cap stamp and can make the caps themselves but as to the inside filling I was wondering whether tannerite would work.

      September 4, 2023 12:22 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Tim David

      Every article that I read about Tannerite, and other binary explosives, strictly talk about the velocity of the bullet that strikes the target. But, if I remember my physics correctly, the velocity is only part of the equation. We are talking about energy transfer to the target being the factor that sets it off. And as we know, energy is a product of velocity AND mass. So my question is, what is the amount of ENERGY needed to set off Tannerite? I could probably make a swag at it by taking the weight of the smallest projectile that can reliably set off Tannerite and use that along with the estimate velocity needed, but I would like to know if anyone can put a more accurate number to this. Thanks.

      July 21, 2022 6:34 pm
      • Commenter Avatar
        Michael T Brickey

        So long as the substance is accurately combined... meaning each granule has enough of both components the detonation can be triggered by the speed alone... the fact that this us a binary explosive, the manner in which it is combined is somewhat the main factor in velocity alone being the key factor rather than transfer of energy... meaning... if you create a granules each containing part A and part B you would theoretically have a transfer release situation (in short) because the mass or uniform release of power would have to be enough to cause the reaction to a higher surface area... but if you thoroughly COAT part A with part B then the surface area of impact or transfer of energy can be miniscule... because no matter where the impact occurs... if hit gast enough.... pushes part a into part b.. and in doing so again even in at a miniscule degree will the generate the reaction needed to cause the impact, transfer of energy or reaction to subsequently create a chain reaction to surrounding media (for lack of otherwise debatable terms)... eventually... that small yet fast interaction, in which a guaranteed impact of both components by way of pushing one into another causes a domino reaction... so you can look at the impact being the detonator... or look at it as if we were standing side by side... if someone slapped me they'd have to hit hard with larg enough mass, speed and Yada Yada to smack us both enough to feel it... or smack me into you... but if we pressed ourselves cheek to cheek or scull to scull... while measurable... unnecessary to determine or understand how much we'd both feel a much more mild slap.... slap a would almost have to kill me to hit you.... while slap B we could both walk away from with the transfer of energy, although being a measurable factor... irrelevant.

        July 22, 2023 3:45 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      Will setting off tannerite set off more tannerite if close enough?

      January 3, 2022 7:35 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      After the Tannerite is mixed, how long of a shelf life persay does it have?

      December 1, 2021 1:08 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      Tannerite can be fun if you like to make things go 'Boom'. As the article stated, it is a binary explosive and is very stable. Safety comes first. Never add 'anything' to tannerite or any other binary explosive compound you might buy...unless you possess a 'very' good working knowledge of chemical compounds and know exactly how things might react. Some things when mixed in a 'dry' state become very 'touchy', even more so than 'nitro' and it can get real 'exciting' very quickly. Smoking, drinking or both don't go well with this type of fun and you shouldn't be drinking, anyway, when handling a firearm. If you try and make your very own tannerite...again...a strong working knowledge of chemistry is 'required'. I've done it, successfully, but that is a different story. If you decide to...make sure all your affairs are in order. Insurance companies will likely 'not' cover mishaps when doing this type of activity. Pick the name you want if you screw up...'fingers', 'stubby', 'one-eye', "deaf as a board', 'Freddy' are just a few to consider. The other name to consider is 'demised'. Have fun, but...be safe...and obey the laws on this. Don't ruin it for everybody.

      June 23, 2021 3:47 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Rather Notsay

      Is old tannerite more dangerous or volatile? We opened up some old boxes in the attic and found a container of tannerite, probably about a pint. The lid was loose, some had spilled out, and the container appears to be swollen. Should I find a way to dispose of it, and if so, how?

      May 11, 2020 4:54 pm
      • Commenter Avatar
        David, PPT Editor

        I would strongly recommend that you contact Tannerite directly and find out. That sounds like a potentially dangerous situation that you will want to handle correctly.

        May 11, 2020 5:19 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Ed Palmer

      I mixed up some Tannerite for a 22 rifle 2 or 3 years ago and I did not use all of it. My question is, is it still safe to handle seeing it has been sitting around for so long already mixed ? Does it get extra sensitive with age ?

      August 10, 2019 11:32 am
      • Commenter Avatar
        David, PPT Editor

        Contact Tannerite and ask them directly, I wouldn't touch it until I had guidelines from the manufacture.

        August 10, 2019 12:39 pm
      • Commenter Avatar

        Regardless if it remains stable over time or not, storing mixed Tannerite is a really bad idea for a plethora of reasons.
        PLEASE... mix only what can be used immediately.
        Imagine learning that you were responsible for hurting or killing someone by making a very preventable mistake. It simply doesn't warrant the risk.

        June 11, 2023 12:51 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Darice Tucker

      Are the vapors from Tannerite explosions toxic? We life near a Tannerite owner & his explosions rock the neighborhood. His explosions are close enough to scare livestock & domestic animals. I couldn’t find any info about the vapors. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
      Best regards,
      Darice Tucker
      A concerned grandmother

      July 20, 2019 10:34 am
      • Commenter Avatar
        David, PPT Editor

        I wouldn't recommend directly inhaling the vapors but in an outdoor environment and used per the manufacturer recommendations it shouldn't pose a problem.

        July 20, 2019 11:13 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      Do have 1 tip. We set 25 pounds on ground in field and a pretty good size rock landed behind us at 150 yds. It was in the dirt. I always set it on a bucket or box so it doesnt make a big crater and send rocks flying

      June 28, 2019 5:53 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Keith A. Sibley

      The point of tannerite, as originally produced and sold, is stump removal for farmers and such.

      May 25, 2019 9:53 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Jim Compton

      I regret that the inherent way that Americans do things regrettably is bigger is better. We will all eventually lose tannerite type products that when used as designed it would never raise an eyebrow. The individuals that commit these abuses should be ostracized by their friends to the point that their actions will no longer be ‘cool’.
      Very sad.
      J Compton

      November 11, 2018 1:31 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      I'm curious how those who shoot explosive targets feel about their neighbors and if they should be considerate to their hearing or comfort levels. I can understand going out far away where there aren't others around to disturb at this level. I don't understand this type of frequent activity in neighborhoods with families, pets, etc. I don't understand this activity when it causes family-owned small businesses to close down. I'm just curious what you think about it in that respect.

      February 12, 2018 7:31 pm
      • Commenter Avatar

        I'll be trying my first tannerite next week on private 300 acres in the middle of nowhere. I can't imagine any responsible person using this near residences.

        March 18, 2018 7:52 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      can it blow of by itself if mixed and stored outside?

      August 29, 2017 6:03 am
      • Commenter Avatar
        Eric Hung

        I would advise against mixing it and storing it.

        September 6, 2017 1:32 pm
      • Commenter Avatar

        Cannot self detonate. However if mixed,it can detonate with the proper impact/ shock
        Therefore it is definitely not advisable (and illegal) to premix and transport.

        October 26, 2018 3:34 am
      • Commenter Avatar
        Jim Compton

        No, it will not explode, however if you mix it and do not use it the act of storing it ANYWHERE is a serious violation of federal and in most cases, state law. Simply mix what you need, that takes only a few seconds.

        November 11, 2018 1:36 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      "never try to blow up something that could create dangerous shrapnel. This means no lawn mowers, no washing machines, glass, cars, or generally anything that will cause dangerous fragmentation."

      Oh, but it's OK if it's "professionals" like in the posted video?


      June 9, 2017 6:35 am
      • Commenter Avatar

        My children (16 and up) often use Tannerite
        On our farm for shooting . We have found an excellent choice for targets to be unwanted stuffed animals.
        These can be bought very cheap at the local
        Goodwill type store.
        If buying large quantities of stuffed animals
        Be prepared for amusing/mean comments
        If you decide to elaborate with the clerk at the store.

        October 26, 2018 3:40 am
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