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A Picture from History: Hijacking of the Maersk Alabama

In this Picture from History, we explore the hijacking of the container ship "Maersk Alabama" and the U.S. Navy's response.

    On April 8, 2009, just off the coast of Somalia, the container ship MV Maersk Alabama was en route to deliver approximately 17,000 metric tons of cargo to Mombasa, Kenya. 

    Container Ship MV Maersk Alabama
    Container Ship MV Maersk Alabama

    The captain of the ship, Captain Phillips received at least seven emails warning him of the danger of increased Somali pirate activity within the area, as well as warnings to stay at least 600 miles off the coast. 

    The Alabama was 235 miles off the coast…with pirates on the way. 

    Pirates Attack

    There were no firearms aboard the ship for the crew of 23 to defend themselves. 

    Instead, they relied on firehoses and swift turns of the rudder to swamp and drown the pirates looking to board the ship.

    The crew’s attempt to defend the ship with firehoses, as dramatized in the film Captain Phillips

    The crew even sent out fake radio calls to the U.S. Navy for help. Though these efforts did cause some of the pirates to turn back, one ship of four remained, carrying four teenagers armed with AK-47s.

    Unfortunately, despite the crew’s best efforts, the pirates quickly boarded the ship. 

    Chief Engineer Mike Perry knew the crew’s only hope of survival was to use the one advantage they had — knowledge of the ship.

    Chief Engineer Mike Perry with a photo of the Alabama's crew
    Chief Engineer Mike Perry with a photo of the Alabama‘s crew (Photo: Associated Press)

    Leading a group of 14 down to the 130-degree engine room, the men prepared.

    The pirates captured Alabama’s Captain, Richard Phillips, soon after boarding the ship. Phillips remained above deck with other men.

    Once the pirates realized the majority of the crew was missing, they set out to find the remaining Alabama crew. 

    US military seizes the boat of another group of suspected pirates a month after the attack on the Alabama
    US military seizes the boat of another group of suspected pirates a month after the attack on the Alabama.

    A Trade

    As the pirate headed down to the engine room, Perry, with a knife in hand, tackled him to the ground. 

    The pair engaged in a fight to the death. As Perry brought his knife to the pirate’s throat, the pirate reflexively brought his hand up to push away the knife. Perry slit the pirate’s hand, forcing his surrender. 

    The rest of the men in the engine room quickly took the chief pirate prisoner, tying him up as they awaited the possibility of further attack. And then, they waited. 

    Captain Phillips thanking the crew of the USS Bainbridge after the attack
    Captain Phillips thanking the crew of the USS Bainbridge after the attack

    By radio, a deal was struck with the other pirates. 

    They had Captain Phillips; the crew had the pirate captain. In exchange for Phillips and the pirates leaving the Alabama, the crew would turn over the pirate.

    The deal was made, and both parties warily met up for the exchange. 

    The Navy Arrives

    The Maersk Alabama's lifeboat
    The Maersk Alabama‘s lifeboat on display at the Navy SEAL Museum (Photo: LDMerriam)

    Grabbing $30,000 in cash, the pirates took Captain Phillips and their captain with them as they boarded the Alabama’s 28-foot lifeboat and set out to sea. 

    Little did they know…the U.S. Navy was en route.

    Photo from the US Navy while monitoring the MV Maersk Alabama
    Photo from the US Navy while monitoring the MV Maersk Alabama

    Captain Phillips was held hostage within the lifeboat as the pirates argued amongst themselves, threatened him, and beat him. 

    On April 9, just a day after the hijacking, the USS Bainbridge arrived on scene. And on April 10, SEAL Team Six parachuted into the ocean nearby, boarding the Bainbridge

    USS Bainbridge
    USS Bainbridge

    The SEALS were instructed to wait for a visible sign of aggression towards Captain Phillips before engaging the pirates. 

    SEALS Act

    On April 12, after an AK-47 was fired within the lifeboat, the SEALS received the go-ahead to use lethal force. 

    Mk. 13 MOD 5 sniper rifle
    Mk. 13 MOD 5 sniper rifle

    Using .30 caliber sniper rifles (likely the MK13), the SEALS fired at the three remaining pirates aboard the lifeboat.

    Captain Phillips and Lt. Cmdr. David Fowler, the executive officer of the USS Bainbridge
    Captain Phillips and Lt. Cmdr. David Fowler, the executive officer of the USS Bainbridge

    SEALS then boarded the lifeboat, rescuing Captain Phillips. The entirety of the Alabama’s crew survived the ordeal. 

    This is a new style of article for Pew Pew Tactical, if you liked it — let us know in the comments! If you didn’t enjoy it…well phooey. To catch up on previous Pictures from History, click on over to our History Category.

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    5 Leave a Reply

    • Commenter Avatar
      Daniel Kelley

      I love the historic stories

      January 1, 2023 6:32 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Dean Coffin

      Very interesting. Keep it up.

      May 2, 2022 5:56 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Job Quintana

      Love this article. Keep em coming!!

      May 2, 2022 12:55 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Rob O Neil

      Each pirate got a pair of 77grain Sierra match king to the face. This has been discussed many times and is public record.....

      May 1, 2022 4:22 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Unnamed Operator....

      This is pretty massively incorrect. Red Squadron was 30-40 meters away from the lifeboat when they ELECTED to take the shots. This was done because they finally had PID on all 3 pirates. (positive ID) That boat was so close some of those guys damn near could have pulled a 226 and hit something. Also- they were using HK416, under nods, with IR lasers active. This was the case because the shot was WELL within 5.56 capability and the IR lasers were activated ONLY when a shooter had PID- thus letting the shooting team know that when all 3 are on its go time- eliminating a lot of need for conversation.

      May 1, 2022 4:20 am
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