9mm vs .45 ACP: Debate Settled

What is the BEST handgun round?!?

The debate over the 9mm and .45 ACP is one of the most heated conversations in the firearms community.  Enough to spawn sayings you’ll see all over forums (and t-shirts).

9mm Will Kill Your Body, .45 ACP Will Kill Your Soul

Both handguns have a huge following thanks to their popularity and success in the field.

But which one is better?

I’m sure this is going to spark plenty of debate, so please feel free to let me know how you feel in the comments.

Internet kid meme
Please be gentle in the comments.

Comparing 9mm vs .45 ACP

Let me start out by saying that the biggest mistake that most people make is taking a black-and-white stance on the .45 ACP and 9mm.

Handgun Caliber Smallest to Largest
Handgun Caliber Smallest to Largest

You’ll hear a lot of people say that the .45 is better because it shoots a bigger caliber bullet, or that the 9mm is better because of its capacity.  Click here if you want to learn about more handgun calibers.

Both are valid points and very understandable reasons to prefer one over the other.

Even if you think size > capacity or more bullets is better, you have to admit having bigger bullets and having more bullets on tap are both worthy considerations when choosing one gun over the other.

.45 ACP primer close up
Is bigger always better? Some shooters think so.

The truth is…neither gun has a total advantage over the other one, and your personal preferences will play a lot in determining which handgun is for you.

Let’s take a look at the selling points of each one to help you decide.

About the 9mm

Praised for being compact and easier to handle than its .45 ACP counterpart, the 9mm has become one of the most popular rounds in the world.

For more than 30 years, the Beretta M9 and M9A1 have been the standard sidearm of the US Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps.

Beretta M9

Beretta M9

Prices accurate at time of writing

The Army is in the process of switching over to the SIG Sauer P320…but they’re still sticking to the 9mm caliber design.  

Even the FBI has phased out their .40 S&W sidearm in favor of the 9mm’s improved stopping power and penetration.

This begs the question: is bigger necessarily better?

Here are some of the advantages that the 9mm has over the .45 ACP:

  • It has a larger magazine capacity given a similarly sized firearm
  • Its compact nature makes it easier to carry, especially concealed carry
  • It has less recoil, making it an easier gun to handle – especially for beginners
  • The guns and ammo are significantly cheaper; sometimes as much as half the price
FBI Agents Target Shooting
FBI Agents getting some target practice in.

The 9mm also has a higher muzzle velocity than the .45 ACP because it uses lighter bullets.  This has caused a debate in the firearms community over what’s better, a fast and light cartridge or a heavy and slow one.

While the answer to this is up to debate, one thing is certain: higher muzzle velocity does equal slower bullet drop.

Something to remember when shopping around for a 9mm

One of the most attractive things about choosing a 9mm for home defense is having more rounds at your disposable.

Unfortunately, this benefit may be completely canceled out in some states due to magazine restrictions, so it’s a good idea to review any state and local laws before buying a 9mm if you’re set on having a 15+1 capacity gun.

Regarding the .45 ACP

From the days of the trusty Colt M1911 to modern .45 caliber handguns like the Glock G21 and the Sig Sauer P220, the .45 ACP has always been one of the most reliable calibers on the market.

Trio of 1911's
Trio of 1911’s

After all, it was the official sidearm of the United States Armed Forces during two World Wars and remained so up until the 1980s.

Battlefield 1 M1911
You may have noticed it in every first person shooter game ever.

If you like the idea of shooting a gun with a lot of stopping power…you’re not alone.

Many handgun enthusiasts believe that bigger is, in fact, better and love everything that the .45 ACP has to offer. Here are some of its best features:

  • Its stopping power makes it a great home defense gun
  • Over-penetration isn’t as much of a problem with this caliber (see: big, fat, slow bullets)
  • Over 100 years of testing and iteration have produced some very powerful .45 ACP bullets

While slightly impractical, the .45 ACP also has the coolness factor on its side.  It’s a battle-tested gun that’s played an important role in American history during the 20th century.

shotgun meme with american flag guy
You’re welcome Europe.

Measuring the Two

There’s no doubt that the .45 ACP is a classic handgun that’s not going anywhere in the foreseeable future, but it just doesn’t outperform the 9mm.


45 ACP Is For Grownups

Advancements in modern defensive ammo technology have helped the 9mm improve by leaps and bounds over the past 30 years; it’s not the same underpowered round that the FBI abandoned in the early 1980s. 

With a good modern defensive ammo, the 9mm is just as powerful as any .45, just in different ways.

Springfield XDS .45 vs 9mm
XDS in .45 ACP and 9mm Guns.com

When comparing the two handguns, it’s important to note that the 9mm hasn’t become better than the .45 ACP…it just caught up to it.  

Have a look at this video evaluating the stopping power and over-penetration of the 9mm and the .45 ACP.

Or a picture is worth a 100 words…new self-defense 9mm ammo opens up to create some nasty possible wound channels to stop attackers in their tracks.

147 Federal HST Expansion
147gr Federal HST Expansion


Furthermore, the 9mm is more practical for the average shooter looking to spend time on the range.

With boxes of 9mm Luger rounds being 30 to 40% cheaper than .45 ACP ammo, increased range time isn’t going to break your budget; and after all, spending more time on the range does make you a better marksman.  Here are more tips on how to shoot more accurately.

However, there is always something to be said for having really big bullets ready to deal with really big problems.


Also, for you suppressor enthusiasts out there, the .45 ACP is an inherently subsonic bullet.  It fires slow and heavy bullets at a lower muzzle velocity than the 9mm and can be suppressed to near-whisper levels.

HK45 USP with mounted light
HK45 USP with mounted light

Using your handgun in tactical situations

One of the main reasons why military personnel and many LEOs made the switch to 9mm handguns was because of the deeper bullet penetration.

Unlike in a home defense situation, the ability to shoot through a wall, automobile, or various other objects in a combat scenario can be the difference between life and death.

US Navy marksmanship practice
US military marksmanship practice with the 9mm M9

The FBI agrees that the 9mm has lifesaving features.

According to a report released in 2014, the 9mm was preferred in the field because of the following:

  • LEOs have a 20 to 30% accuracy rate in shootouts, so magazine capacity is important.
  • 9mm Luger rounds have a deeper penetration than other handgun calibers.
  • FBI agents have been observed to shoot faster and more accurately with the 9mm.
  • The wound tracks of a 9mm and a .45 ACP are almost the same.
  • The 9mm’s lighter recoil makes it easier for follow-up shots.

Considering all of the advantages of the 9mm, why would anyone want to use the .45 ACP?

Well, when it comes to home defense, the .45 ACP does hold one distinct advantage over the 9mm: shallower penetration.

Don’t worry, that’s a good thing here.

As mentioned in the video, over-penetration isn’t as big if a problem with the .45 ACP because of its slower, bulky bullets.

This means you have less of a chance of hitting an innocent bystander through a wall in a self-defense scenario.     

Choosing the Best Caliber for You

You might be wondering which caliber is better for you…the 9mm or the .45 ACP.

Well, this might rock your world but I’d recommend getting one of each.

Assuming you have the money. 

Guns for sale
“More guns” is the solution to a great many problems.

Many shooters like to have the .45 ACP for home defense.  It’s the perfect grab-and-go handgun to fire in close quarters where recoil won’t pose such a problem.

Alternatively, the 9mm’s stopping power and smaller design makes it ideal for open and concealed carry.  

While there are a number of compact .45 ACP models on the market, as a general rule, you can expect the 9mm to be more comfortable to carry in a holster.

Also, in a self-defense situation outside of your home, there’s a higher likelihood that you won’t be firing your gun at close range like in a home-defense scenario.

 In this situation, you’ll be glad that you have the faster follow-up speed and a larger magazine capacity of the 9mm.

Settling 9mm vs.45 ACP

Ultimately, both guns are great weapons to have.  When choosing between the two, also consider which gun feels better in your hand.  

Some people prefer the heavier feel of a .45 ACP, while others find the light and slim nature of the 9mm to be more easy to use.

Lots of Holsters, Boondock Saints
Lots of Guns, Boondock Saints

Either way, the 9mm and the .45 ACP both pack a strong enough punch to neutralize any threat.

9mm and .45 ACP come in a huge range of flavors, some that are amazing for home defense or EDC and some that are best for punching holes in paper – no matter what caliber you pick, we got you covered in our Best 9mm Ammo and Best .45 ACP Ammo reviews.

Where do you stand on the 9mm vs .45ACP debate?  Did I leave something out?  Let me know in the comments below!

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55 Comments on "9mm vs .45 ACP: Debate Settled"

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n 2014, the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) released a report detailing the potential combat effectiveness of the 9mm cartridge when compared to other calibers such as the .45 ACP and the .40 S&W cartridge that was specifically developed for use by the FBI. The report indicated that the new powders and more advanced bullet designs used in current 9mm defensive loads allowed for the caliber to deliver almost similar performance to other calibers, like the .45 ACP, and .40 S&W. In addition to this, the lower recoil, less wear, cheaper ammunition and higher capacity were all reasons… Read more »
The main argument is basically that once a threat a stopped, it can’t really become more stopped. Yes, 45ACP with defensive loads and .40 S&W with defensive loads do more terminal damage than 9mm with defensive loads. However, that damage is effectively wasted since the cartridges were designed so that they worked as ball ammo. Increasing the lethality of them is moot since they were already the benchmark. Once it is dead, it cannot be deader. 9mm defensive brings it on par with 45acp and 40s&w ball – and that is what it needed to meet for it to outperform… Read more »

FWIW, I find the 45 recoil is “smoother”, whereas 9 & 40 seem to be “sharper”, making the muzzle flip harder to recover from.

Plus, I think the just plain weight of the 45 carries more “oomph”. Maoris beware.


yeah…you say the 9mm bullet has gotten better, but in reality both have gotten better. Thanks for the one sided argument.


I noticed that also that new powders and more advanced bullet designs seem to ONLY apply to the 9mm. Why is that? If new powders and more advanced bullet designs used helped make the 9mm better then would not the new powders and more advanced bullet designs also then put every other caliber a step up also?

Nathan j
This has been a very interesting post! Along with comments as well! I currently carry a .40 s&w. Due to its bulky size I generally leave it wedged in between the front seats of my truck so I can access it fairly quickly, I never badly carry it because of the uncomfortable size and also because I live in Florida a lot of people still don’t support concealed carry as much as I’d like them to so I worry about it peaking out from under the bottom of my shirt and causing an issue with someone. I am currently looking… Read more »
Years ago when 9mm was the craze I purchased a Browning model 39. When i saw people who were actually shot with it and survived I opted for the 40 S&W. My dream gun has always been a 1911 in 45 cal but after watching the video I’m on the fence again. Capacity is a good factor to concern as long as rounds are selectively placed otherwise is just becomes another spray and part scenario. Maybe a 1911 in 9mm and good defensive ammo is in my future. I like the heavier gun though due to the longer site radius,… Read more »