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[Guide] Precision Rifle Competition for Beginners

Precision Rifle, Triggrcon
Precision Rifle Competition is a great way to expand the skills in your shooting toolbox...plus it's just darn fun. Here's what you need to get started.
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    Like snipers…precision rifle competitors are all about hitting difficult targets at long distances.   In precision rifle, you’ll engage targets out to 600 or 800 yards or further from a variety of positions and props.  The targets are normally steel, but some matches will also have you shoot for score on paper.  
    You might have to shoot them from cars, over and through fences, and after jumping in and out of giant tires…  Basically, anything a creative match director can imagine. It’s a popular crossover sport for 3-gunners since the rifles that they use are often suitable for precision rifle with no more than a new optic.   Precision rifle can end up feeling like just the rifle part of some 3-gun matches, especially the long range portions in big natural terrain stages.  For 3-gunners who love that part of the game or who just want to get really good at it, precision rifle is a natural next step.
    An AR-15 and two bolt action rifles
    An AR-15 and two bolt action rifles – all great precision rifle choices.
    You also see the occasional visitor from the pure accuracy sports.  Shooting at a bullseye can get a little boring for even the most seasoned competitor and the skills carry over well to precision rifle.  They just need a little more creativity when figuring out how to get into the positions that precision rifle often requires. So, guns, long ranges, difficult targets…what’s not to love? More importantly, does it sound like something you might want to try?  Let’s get you set up for your first match!

    Table of Contents


    Precision Rifle Rules to Get Started

    Precision rifle is similar to 3-gun in that matches run all over the country under their own house rules – in other words as “outlaw” matches.  In the last few years, there has been a movement to bring together a number of matches under the same rule set and award points and standings towards an overall national championship, much like 3-Gun Nation has done for 3-gun.  The first and biggest group to do that is the Precision Rifle Series (PRS). PRS runs a Bolt Gun Series and a Gas Gun Series, each of which is divided into different divisions depending on the competitor’s choice of caliber and rifle.  They are points races where a competitor’s finish at the matches in the series are used to determine rankings and whether he or she is invited to the overall championship match at the end of each season.
    The Bolt Gun Series uses, unsurprisingly, bolt action rifles.  Most people shoot in the Open division, where almost everything goes as long as the caliber isn’t larger than .30 and the rifle doesn’t throw bullets faster than 3,200 feet per second.  These days, that generally means one of the 6mm or 6.5mm cartridges like 6×47 Lapua, 6XC, 6mm Creedmoor, 6.5×47 Lapua, or 6.5 Creedmoor.
    Regina Milkovich Wonder Woman precision rifle
    Regina Milkovich’s “Wonder Woman” bolt rifle.
    That’s not to say you can’t compete with less exotic calibers, though.  The Tactical division only permits 7.62 NATO/.308 Remington and 5.56 NATO/.223 Remington rifles with further restrictions on bullet weight and velocity.  Even more limited is the Production division, which only allows listed guns that cost less than $4,000 (half in the rifle and half in the optic) and that remain in factory configuration, so long as they are able to safely engage the targets in a match. If you’d like to shoot an AR variant or another semi-automatic rifle, then you’d compete in the Gas Gun Series.  It has the same Open division but splits Tactical into Tactical Light (for 5.56 NATO/.223 Remington calibers) and Tactical Heavy (7.62 NATO/.308 Winchester calibers) while dropping the Production division entirely.
    JP Rifles LRP-07
    The first PRS Gas Gun Series match was won with a JP Rifles LRP-07 similar to this one.
    Scoring for the Bolt Gun Series is a points system based on the number of targets you have successfully hit during the match, often under time or round limits for various stages.  For the Gas Gun Series, your final score is determined by the amount of time it takes you to shoot at all of the targets, plus penalties for things like missing targets or not following the proper stage procedure.   Not all PRS matches are part of the championship points series though.  Local clubs can also shoot under PRS rules, and they’re probably a better place to start.  They, and their schedules can be found under the Club Series page of the PRS website, where matches all over the country are listed. And really, that’s all you need to know and pick up before your first PRS match.  Don’t believe me? I asked Regina Milkovitch, one of the top PRS shooters in the country, what she thinks you should know to jump into the world of precision rifle.

    Expert Advice for the New PRS Shooter

    First off, don’t wait.  Your hunting rifle or your AR-15 is probably just fine for your first match.  Still not sure?  Contact the folks who run a match local to you and they can talk you through your equipment and maybe even lend you what you need to start.  Like every other shooting sport, almost every seasoned competitor is friendly and loves to mentor new shooters who show a genuine interest in learning. In fact, it’s a good idea to not get too wrapped up in gear as you get into the sport.  While there are all sorts of gizmos that you can buy, at the end of the day it’s about your ability to shoot and not your ability to spend money.
    Regina Milkovich's precision rifle .223 setup
    You don’t need much to play in precision rifle – this .223 setup is plenty. PC: Regina Milkovich
    Finally, if you’re worried about calibers, you can definitely shoot PRS with .223 or .308.  As you saw above, there are even divisions geared specifically for those calibers so you can be competitive.  More importantly, high-quality commercial ammunition is readily available so you don’t have to reload, and the rifles you would use can be more affordable.   The 6mm and 6.5mm calibers are popular and while off-the-shelf rifles and ammunition are becoming available, those rounds will still put a lot of wear and tear into your gun.  Remember from our precision AR-15 round-up how the heart of the rifle is its barrel?   Depending on several factors, a 6.5 Creedmoor you’ll need a new one after about 2,500 rounds with a 6mm or 6.5mm caliber. However, .223 can last into the 10,000 round range and .308 lasts about 7,000 rounds.

    The Shopping List

    If you don’t already have a rifle or want to go shopping anyway, here’s what Regina recommends:
    • A rifle that can shoot a 1-inch group at 100 yards – in other words, a 1 MOA rifle. One of the guns in our precision AR-15 round-up would be a good choice for a gas gun and for bolt-guns, check out our 1,000 Yard Rifles for Under $1,000 article.
    • A scope that goes to at least 10x magnification.  While a 3-9x variable optic would work, a little more is better at the distances that PRS goes out to.  It should also have turrets that can be turned to dial in elevation and windage, as well as a milling or holdover reticle that is not just a straight crosshair.  A mil-dot reticle matched up to turrets that move in decimal points of milliradians is ideal, but an MOA reticle with turrets that click along in fractions of MOA works too.  Just avoid mixing mil with MOA.  Confused?  Check out our guide to choosing a rifle scope.
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    • A data book so that you can write down notes about what you did to make successful hits on target, information about the match, and anything else that comes to mind.  There are specialized databooks you can buy, or you can just pick up a small, regular notebook.
    • A rear bag to help stabilize your rifle while shooting – something like the Wiebad Mini Tac Pad ($72) or Berry Bag ($34), for instance, or the Rifles Only Rear Bag ($25).
    Rifle on a Rifles Only Rear Bag as part of an precision rifle set up
    A close-up of a Rifles Only Rear Bag in action. PC: Regina Milkovich
    • Some sort of ballistics app for your cell phone to help you calculate bullet trajectory for those long-distance targets.  Regina likes GeoBallistics, followed by Shooter, and they’re both available for both iPhones and Android devices.
    • Want some words of wisdom from someone who really knows their stuff?  Check out the Long Range Shooting Handbook.

    Shooter Ready?

    That’s it!  You’ve got everything you need to try out the sport of precision rifle, so get out there and give it a shot.   Do you still have questions about precision rifles?  Do you have advice for beginners or want to share how your first competition went?  And check out more of our favorite guns & gear in Editor’s Picks.

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    10 Leave a Reply

    • Commenter Avatar

      It looks interesting, but I ask people what I should bring, and they might as well be speaking Esperanto. Rifles and calibers that I have never heard of. You cannot show up with a Remington 700 in .308 and expect to be competitive. It really is not for everyone that has a rifle in their safe. Perhaps that is why there are only 6000 prs folks out of 110 million gun owners.

      June 6, 2024 12:13 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      Optic has to be 2,000 or less....why??

      October 7, 2020 8:03 am
      • Commenter Avatar
        David, PPT Editor

        PRS Production class rules have a $3000 MSRP combined cap on your rifle/scope. The rifle and scope individually cannot be over $2,000 MSRP. So you can have a 1k rifle and a 2k scope, but you couldn't have a 2.5k scope and a $500 rifle.

        October 7, 2020 8:56 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Charlie Mittenzwei

      Are there any groups? I am 71 almost 72, and I would be interested. Right now I shoot fopen out to a1000 yards. Thanks

      December 1, 2018 12:11 pm
      • Commenter Avatar
        Charlie Mittenzwei

        Fyi I live in the Phoenix area.

        December 1, 2018 12:16 pm
    • Commenter Avatar
      Devin Alden

      So do they allow 6.5 creedmore I got kinda confused ? Also what if somebody wants to shoot with an military surplus bolt gun like a moron or mauser?

      June 13, 2018 3:26 pm
      • Commenter Avatar

        What is allowed is going to depend on the match and what division you want to compete in. If you're shooting a Precision Rifle Series (PRS) match the limit is nothing over .30 Cal (6.5 CM is .26 Cal and thus is allowed). The exception to that is if you're shooting in a "tactical" or "Active Law Enforcement/Military" division where they limit you to only being allowed to use 7.62 or 5.56 NATO.

        If you want to use a milsurp rifle, you can - depending on what you want to shoot. 7.57 Mauser is only .284 Cal so it fits under the limit of .30 Cal, but a Lee-Enfield is .303 British and .34 Cal so it wouldn't be allowed.

        If you want to use a milsurp rifle, you should also know that you're going to place very badly in the match. The military standard in WWII for most nation's line rifles was 5-7MOA, a "sniper" rifle was often still around the 3 MOA mark. Today, you can get a very budget bolt rifle from a big box store that is guaranteed to shoot sub-MOA.

        Shooting milsurp might be fun - but I wouldn't get your hopes up for winning the match.

        June 13, 2018 3:45 pm
        • Commenter Avatar
          Chris Duhamel

          David, are you saying that 308 is not legal in any division other than tactical? While we are there, 308, 303 Brit, 7.5x55 Swiss and 7.62x54r Russian are all within a couple of millimeters of each other in diameter. All are 30 caliber cartridges. BTW, the K31 Swiss shoots well under a MOA and the Finnish rebuilt Moisin Nagant runs about an inch MOA

          March 19, 2019 12:27 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Robert Pasipanki

      I don't claim to be a great long range shooter but I like shooting at distance. Ever since basic training 30 years ago qualifying with the M16 and making expert I have enjoyed it. I stopped shooting for a long period of time but recently got back in. I did get a good deal on a SW AR15 and put a 4x20 scope. I would like to know if there are any PRC in the SE Virginia area or any seasoned shooters in this area?

      September 14, 2017 3:41 pm
      • Commenter Avatar

        Hi Robert!

        PRS Southeast Region clubs and matches are here: https://www.precisionrifleseries.com/profiles/clubs/SE. I'd suggest contacting some of the match directors to see what's available in your area. You might also check out the competition forums on Sniper's Hide.

        Good luck!

        September 22, 2017 11:49 am
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