With so many muzzle devices out there, it’s easy to get confused between flash suppressors, compensators, and muzzle brakes.
We’ll go through the differences between each in terms of design and performance.
Flash hiders, or flash suppressors, are used to guard the shooter from visible flash.
This flash comes from unburned gunpowder and for the most part gets progressively worse as barrel length shortens (AR-15 pistols, we’re looking at you). This is especially important in night time shooting to preserve night vision. A secondary perk is that it also minimizes the flash signature that others see.
Be aware that some jurisdictions have laws against flash hiders and minimum overall barrel lengths.
Flash hiders have exits that are much larger than the diameter of the bullet. There are two main designs for flash hiders. The first is the 3 or 4 pronged variety such as our favorite Smith Vortex Flash Hider. $65
The second and standard equipment for US forces is the A2 birdcage design. Its prongs are contained out front so there’s less possibility of snagging. It is a hybrid muzzle device with some compensator design features. $10
Compensators are used to counter the vertical movement up of the barrel (muzzle flip).
It does this by venting the hot gases through openings on top so there’s a reaction force downwards. The A2 above has a solid base so the top vents act as a compensator. The design also minimizes dust being kicked up if shooting low to the ground.
We don’t know of any pure compensators with just holes on top. They usually have a mixture of muzzle brake in there. The design below is one of the best performing and affordable combinations out there that is based off the venerable Miculek brake. Look for three big openings on each of the sides and a couple holes on top to minimize muzzle flip.
Muzzle brakes help reduce the felt recoil by venting gases to the side. However, this makes it very loud and even forceful (with the pressure wave) for range bystanders or teammates to the side.
Muzzle brakes and compensators usually have exit areas that are roughly the same size as the bullet.
One of the best muzzle brakes out on the market is the above hybrid or Precision Armament’s Severe Duty. $90
Choosing a muzzle device will depend on your intended use. If you’re going to be shooting at night, you’ll likely want a flash hider. Competition shooters may want a combination muzzle brake and compensator.
We’ll cover our recommendations for all price ranges in our next article.