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Best Springfield Armory M1A Models [Ultimate Guide]

We investigate Springfield Armory's M1A models and rundown the pros and cons of each model to help you choose the M1A that's right for you.

    You’ve probably heard that the Springfield Armory M1A is to the M14 as the AR-15 is to the M16…

    But really, what does that really mean?

    Terry Crew What Does It Mean

    Basically, the M1A is the civilian version of the M14 — designed by Springfield for the U.S. military.

    It replaced the M1 Garand as the standard issue rifle for American troops from 1959 to 1964.

    As with most things military-related, the M14 made its way to the civilian market a decade later with Springfield launching the M1A for civilians in 1974.

    Springfield Armory M1As

    Though it’s never reached the same level of popularity as the AR-15, the M1A still has a rather large and very devoted group of fans — despite the M14’s less than stellar reputation, earned during its service in Vietnam.

    After all, the average American gun owner isn’t using it for jungle combat.

    But the M1A has a few things going for it.

    Keep reading to find out…

    Table of Contents


    What’s So Great About the M1A?

    The M1A feels similar to both the M14 and the M1 Garand. But that’s not surprising given that the M14 is a direct descendent of the M1 Garand.

    Historic firearm lovers as well as former servicemen who carried either of those two rifles will dig the familiarity.

    Marine in Guadalacanal with an M1 Garand
    Marine in Guadalacanal with an M1 Garand

    Original M1As were once even made from surplus M14 parts, though Springfield has long since run out.

    Additionally, the M1A comes chambered in .308 Winchester (7.62x51mm NATO), one of the most popular long-distance and hunting rounds in the United States.

    Some 7.62x51mm Rounds
    *Technically* these are 7.62x51mm NATO BUT .308 Win and 7.62×51 can be used interchangeably in most cases.

    On top of its excellent round choice, the M1A has a reputation for being a highly reliable, accurate rifle – popular among 3-Gun, National Match, and other competition shooters.

    In fact, it’s one of our favorite .308 rifles as well as one of our recommended rifles for 3-Gun heavy metal competition.

    John took an M1A out for some testing…check out his thoughts here.

    Finally, the M1A is just a beautiful, traditional-looking rifle. Let’s face it, it’s hard to beat a classic.

    With all of these advantages, it’s no surprise that the Springfield Armory M1A has experienced more than four decades of continuous production and is still going strong.

    M1A Socom16 with Leupold Scout Scope

    That said, it’s important to note…not all M1As are the same as there are eight available models:

    Each designed for different purposes with its own advantages.

    In this article, we’re going to drill down the features on the first five models to help you figure out which M1A is best for you…

    Base Features

    But first, let’s talk about what you should expect from all Springfield Armory M1A models.

    Prepare for .308 Win – they pretty much all come chambered for that cartridge. (Minus the Loaded model, but more on that later.)

    Popular .308 Winchester and 7.62x51mm Ammo
    The mighty .308 Win

    Every model uses AISI 8620 alloy steel receiver (though early models were made from blank surplus M14 receivers) and are able to fit in the same stocks.

    They also have the same operating rod and rotating bolt.

    Vortex optic mounted on the M1A. Note the box mag.

    All M1As opt for the same parkerized steel detachable box magazines. So, no need to buy different mags for different models…unless you want to. More magazines are always more fun.

    Finally, every model of the M1A is incredibly easy to operate, simple to maintain, and accurate.

    But that’s enough about similarities. Let’s talk about the differences among the models.

    Best Springfield M1A Rifles

    M1A Standard Issue Model

    The Standard Issue Model is the classic version of the M1A and the foundation of the modern M1A lineup. Most like the M14 and M1 Garand, it’s the model of choice for M1A purists.

    This hardworking, all-purpose rifle is a great choice for hunting, home-defense, range shooting, or as a truck gun.

    Springfield Armory M1A Standard Model
    A classic look.

    It has a 22-inch, 6-groove parkerized carbon steel with a 1:11 right-hand twist. Outfitted with a traditional stock it offers finishes in walnut, black composite, or flat dark earth composite.

    Each stock also uses multiple sling attachment loops.

    I prefer the classic appearance of the walnut…but the composite stocks work just as well.

    Classic Scrubs

    Stocks aside, the two-stage military trigger, along with the detachable box magazine, operating rod, and roller cam bolt hint at the long tradition of the Standard Issue Model M1A.

    Topping off some features, the rifle has a National Match .062-inch blade front sight and a military aperture .0690-inch rear sight with half-minute adjustment for both windage and elevation.

    M1A Standard Issue
    You have some decorative options…(Photo: Springfield Armory)

    This model also comes with a standard flash suppressor. But if you live in California, you can opt for a CA-approved version with a muzzle brake instead.

    The M1A Standard Issue model measures 44.33-inches in overall length and weighs 9.3-pounds.

    at Guns.com

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons

    M1A Scout Squad Model

    The M1A Scout Squad model is a shortened version of the Standard Issue model, designed for and marketed towards law enforcement as a replacement for shotguns and an alternative to the AR-15.

    The Scout Squad model measures 4-inches shorter than the Standard Issue, with an 18-inch barrel.

    Scout Squad M1A Rifles
    Meet the Scout Squad.

    Rather than a flash suppressor, the barrel is capped off with a California-legal muzzle brake. This helps combat the increase in felt recoil from the shortened barrel.

    Other than the length and muzzle device, the Scout Squad model’s barrel is the same as that of the Standard Issue model — made from 6-groove parkerized carbon steel and with a 1:11 right hand twist.

    The shorter barrel also takes a half-pound off of the rifle’s overall weight, reducing it 8.8-pounds.

    M1A Scout Squad Lady

    The lighter weight and shorter length make the Scout Squad model a great choice for longer, more strenuous hunting trips or other backcountry adventures where weight and space are at a premium.

    Its stock is almost identical between the Scout Squad and Standard Issue models, down to the sling loops as is the front and rear sights. Not to mention, the internals are also the same.

    The only significant difference?

    Springfield’s Scout Squad rifle features a forward-mounted scout-style Picatinny rail. This rail style allows for an intermediate eye relief scope or a red dot sight without blocking the action.

    M1A Scout Squad Forward Rail
    That forward rail, tho.

    All in, it keeps your optic pretty low. If that’s not for you, you can easily lift it a bit with a riser.

    A minor difference is that the Scout Squad model doesn’t come with an FDE composite stock — only walnut or black composite.

    at Sportsman's Warehouse

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons

    M1A SOCOM 16 Model

    The M1A SOCOM 16 model is a modernized take on the M1A.

    Designed for tactical defense, it’s an excellent choice for home-defense…or when you just need a compact rifle.

    M1A SOCOM 16
    The SOCOM 16

    Shorter than the Scout Model, the barrel measures in at 16.25-inches. And it has the same stock with a forward-mounted rail. However, it’s only available in the black composite.

    Like the Scout Squad model, the SOCOM 16 comes with a muzzle brake to reduce felt recoil and reduce muzzle rise.

    Socom 16 with Leupold Scout Scope
    The SOCOM 16.

    Springfield also upgraded the sights, offering a .125-inch post front sight with a tritium insert and a .135-inch ghost ring aperture rear sight with MOA adjustment for both windage and elevation.

    Both the front and rear sight are made by XS Sight Systems.

    at Palmetto State Armory

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons

    M1A National Match Model

    Enough with shorter barrels!

    The M1A National Match model boasts a 22-inch, 6-groove National Match barrel with a 1:11 right-hand twist.

    Choose between a stainless-steel or carbon steel barrel, both of which come with a flash suppressor and a new walnut stock.

    Springfield M1A National Match

    Introduced in 1974, it’s very similar to the Standard Issue Model in many ways but is designed for competition rather than law enforcement.

    The action is glass-bedded into the stock to provide a solid foundation for the rifle’s inner parts — including the National Match gas cylinder and National Match recoil spring guide. All of this adds up an accurate rifle.

    National Match doing some desert shooting.

    The National Match model also has a National Match trigger group with a 4.5-pound two-stage trigger.

    It has the same sights as the Standard Issue model.

    To top it all off, the M1A National Match model is much more affordable than many other rifles designed for competition. But it still performs very well, especially for its price-point.

    at Sportsman's Warehouse

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons

    M1A Loaded Model

    The M1A Loaded model’s design is based on the National Match Model but optimized even more for competitive performance.

    In addition, the M1A Loaded model is the only one of the Springfield Armory M1A lineup that’s available in 6.5 Creedmoor, as well as .308 Win.

    Aside from caliber, Springfield also gives you a couple of options for your stock when picking out a Loaded M1A.

    You have the choice of a fixed or precision adjustable stock. Each stock brings multiple attachment loops.

    M1A Loaded Precision
    Precision Adjustable stock model…definitely feels more tactical

    But the precision adjustable stock also has an 8-inch molded-in accessory rail for you to attach lights, bipods, lasers, and other accessories.

    If you opt for the precision adjustable stock in either caliber, you can choose between a black composite stock or a flat dark earth composite stock.

    Precision adjustable stock versions can be adjusted for a total length of between 45-inches and 46.25-inches.

    Choosing the fixed stock in .308 Win gives you the option of a new walnut stock or a black composite stock.

    at Sportsman's Warehouse

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons

    For Loaded models chambered in 6.5 Creedmoor, only a black composite fixed stock is available.

    Fixed stock versions measure 44.33-inches long — the same length as the National Match and Standard Issue models.

    The .308 Win. version features the same barrel as the National Match model, complete with a 3-inch birdcage-style flash suppressor. But the barrel is only available in carbon steel.

    M1A Loaded Fixed Stock
    The fixed stock model looks a tad more classic.

    The barrel on the 6.5 Creedmoor version is a little different. Though it still measures 22-inches, the barrel is a 4-groove medium-weight stainless-steel National Match barrel with a 1:8 right-hand twist.

    Instead of a flash suppressor, the barrel is capped with a muzzle brake.

    All versions come with a National Match tuned 4.5- to 5-pound two-stage trigger.

    M1A Loaded Shooting
    The Loaded offers cooler aesthetic.

    The Loaded models also bring a .062-inch blade National Match front sight, and a National Match grade non-hooded .0520-inch aperture rear sight with half MOA adjustment for windage and 1 MOA adjustment for elevation.

    Springfield throws in a removable cover to place over the rail when you’re not using it to make the handguard comfortable for your hand.

    at Sportsman's Warehouse

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons

    Other M1A Models

    Now that you know about a few of my favorite models of the Springfield Armory M1A, let’s briefly touch on the other models.

    M1A Super Match

    The M1A Super Match model is an upgraded version of the National Match model.

    Elevated features include a rear-lugged receiver and a 22-inch Douglas Premium, stainless steel or carbon steel, air-gauged, custom heavy match barrel with a 1:10-inch twist. It’s available with either an oversized walnut stock or McMillian black fiberglass stock.

    at Sportsman's Warehouse

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons

    M1A Tanker

    The M1A Tanker model was inspired by and based on the shortened “Tanker” Garand rifles conceived towards the end of World War II.

    The M1A Tanker model offers a 16.25-inch parkerized carbon steel barrel and a vintage walnut stock. It comes in at 37.25-inches in length and just 8.75-pounds.

    at Sportsman's Warehouse

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons

    M1A SOCOM 16 CQB

    Finally, the M1A SOCOM 16 CQB model is an even more tactical take on the M1A SOCOM 16 model.

    With an adjustable buttstock and five length positions, the rifle also offers two cheekpiece positions, and accessory rails on the tops, sides, and bottom of the handguard.

    An even more tactical approach.

    It also brings a standard AR-style commercial buffer tube, allowing you to switch out the stock for just about any AR-compatible stock.

    Oh, and it offers an AK-style pistol grip that can also be switched out for just about any standard AK-style pistol grip.

    Not to mention the rifle can be purchased with or without a Vortex Venom red dot sight and Springfield Armory clip guide red dot mount.

    Available Coupons

    Shipping with a custom ballistic nylon tactical case with internal supports, the rifle case also comes to consumers with three magazine pockets and storage for your owner’s manual.

    Not a bad deal!

    at Sportsman's Warehouse

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Prices accurate at time of writing

    Available Coupons


    To be honest, you can’t go wrong with any model M1A but it’s nice to know your options, especially if you’re looking for specific purpose-driven models – like for long-range shooting or competition.

    Who doesn’t like a classic M1A?

    Which you choose ultimately depends on what you need from your rifle. Hopefully, we’ve given you enough information to make an informed decision!

    What’s your favorite M1A model? Let us know in the comments below. Also, we took in-depth look at the Springfield National Match and SOCOM 16 M1A models, so be sure to peep the full review.

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    10 Leave a Reply

    • Commenter Avatar
      Christopher D. Mohn

      Thanks for the article! One thought…. The standard has a military aperture open .069 with MOA for windage and elevation. The loaded has a match grade aperture open .052 with 1/2 MOA windage and MOA elevation. The national match has a match grade aperture hooded .0595 with 1/2 MOA for both windage and elevation. Gotta love the product management on this ! I am somewhat older and find the open .052 difficult to work with.

      January 16, 2023 8:02 am
    • Commenter Avatar
      Jason Laird

      I carried an m-14 with fiberglass stock in the military. Now I have an m1a loaded. Love shooting it 200 yards sitting. American eagle 168gr. Otm

      May 20, 2022 2:32 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      I have a Scout-Squad with a UTG 2-7x44 Accushot Scout in a Bobro SCAR mount. With Hornady (American Gunner) 155gr BTHPs it’ll easily shoot to 1.5 MOA, making it, comfortably, a 400-yard rifle. And it’s nice to be able to quickly remove the scope and with the Bobro mount have it guaranteed to return to exact point-of-aim when replaced. And a Turner National Match Biothane All Weather Sling. I’ve taken mule deer and antelope with it and all have been one-shot DRT. And with the ability for very quick follow up shots it’s probably also quite serviceable for elk and even moose. And of course it would be meat & potatoes for 2-legged varmints. Weight is a small consideration, even for my 70-year-old legs and the Wyoming prairie land. No complaints. A first-class rifle in all regards. I have many large-bore rifles from .22-250 to .375 H&H to .45-120 Sharps, and though not quite suitable for Africa, if I could only have one, the Springfield Armory Scout-Squad might very well be it.

      July 19, 2021 1:20 pm
    • Commenter Avatar

      Nice rifles, I have several. I just wish I could find an early one with USGI parts. The Scout model is very handy. I like it as much as my FN FAL or H&K 91. Everyone should own at least one M1A.

      May 2, 2021 12:11 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      I own the Scout Model. I absolutely love this rifle. It is a joy to shoot and it is a tack driver with regard to accuracy. I grew up, essentially learning to shoot on an AR-15, and have actually come to prefer the M1A over the AR platform. The rifle is heavier than an AR, but not prohibitively so. The only thing I don't like about the M1A platform is that the safety can be a bit hard to manipulate, especially when first breaking in the rifle.

      April 7, 2021 9:54 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      What about your guy’s in depth field test that showed them to over promise and under deliver in accuracy?

      January 4, 2021 2:35 pm
      • Commenter Avatar
        Mark H.

        Yeah, I thought that kind of strange. I’ve seen that particular video some time back and I definately remember him NOT being so ‘excited’ about the M1A ..actually just the only vid I do know of where he’s not a “fan”. I’m sure there’s more..somewhere.

        July 11, 2021 8:34 am
      • Commenter Avatar
        Mark H.

        Megan did a great job in showcasing the different models. I have the ‘Standard’. ZERO regrets too. I didn’t have “a choice” in selecting one over another in the LGS up in Montana when we lived up there (‘09 time period). The 1st rifle I’ve EVER taken “out of the box”, cleaned the factory residuals and took 3 consecutive shots on target @ 100yds and ended with ALL touching at the “bull”. I was blown away. These iron sights are THE BEST of ANY mass-produced rifle I’ve seen. I’ve since set it up as a “retro sniper/DMR” of the Vietnam-era to include a Sadlak “Airborne” steel mount with a Redfield 3X9 fixed scope. It’s a nominal 1-1.5” MOA if I do my part..

        July 11, 2021 8:47 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      I love the M1A. I have the standard model with the walnut stock: the classic look. But I thought the M14 was the standard service rifle until 1969, when officially replaced by the M16. The M16 *entered service* in 1964.

      December 30, 2020 8:58 am
    • Commenter Avatar

      Love all the models....a Darn fine rifle....

      December 27, 2020 4:48 pm
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